Return to: A.O.U. Main Menu   |   Ornithology Menu   |   Zoology Menu   |   Evolution Menu

The History of North American Bird Names
in the
American Ornithologists' Union Checklists
1886 - 2000


         Select a Bird Group or Scroll Down the Page
  Avocet
Caracaras
Chachalaca

Condor
Coots
Crakes
Cranes
Curlews
Eagles
Falcons
Gallinules
Grouse
Hawks
Jacana
Kites
Lapwings
Limpkin
Osprey
Oystercatchers
Phalaropes
Plovers
Pratincole
Ptarmigans
Quails
Rails
Sandpipers
Snipe
Stilts
Turkey
Turnstones
Vultures



Vultures and Condor   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 
 1895 
 
 1910 
 
 1931 
 
 1957 
 
 1983 
 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
  Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
  Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
  Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
  Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
  Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
  Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
   
Black Vulture
Catharista atrata
  Black Vulture
Catharista atrata
R Black Vulture
Catharista urubu
R Black Vulture
Coragyps atratus
  Black Vulture
Coragyps atratus
  Black Vulture
Coragyps atratus
  Black Vulture
Coragyps atratus
   
California Vulture
Pseudogryphus californianus
  California Vulture
Pseudogryphus californianus
R California Vulture
Gymnogyps californianus
E California Condor
Gymnogyps californianus
  California Condor
Gymnogyps californianus
  California Condor
Gymnogyps californianus
  California Condor
Gymnogyps californianus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  King Vulture
Sarcoramphus papa
A  
 
   
 
   
Kites, Hawks and Eagles   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Hook-billed Kite
Chondrohierax uncinatus
  Hook-billed Kite
Chondrohierax uncinatus
mexborder  
White-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus
  White-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus
  White-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus
  White-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus
  White-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus
Qc Black-shouldered Kite
Elanus leucurus
Qc White-tailed Kite
Elanus leucurus
   
Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
  Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
  Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
  Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
  Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
Q+ American Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
Q- Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanoides forficatus
   
Mississippi Kite
Ictinia mississippiensis
  Mississippi Kite
Ictinia mississippiensis
  Mississippi Kite
Ictinia mississippiensis
R Mississippi Kite
Ictinia misisippiensis
  Mississippi Kite
Ictinia misisippiensis
R Mississippi Kite
Ictinia mississippiensis
  Mississippi Kite
Ictinia mississippiensis
  the validity of this correction is doubtful
Everglade Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
  Everglade Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
  Everglade Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
  Everglade Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
  Everglade Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
Qc Snail Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
  Snail Kite
Rostrhamus sociabilis
fl, AC tx  
American Goshawk
Accipiter atricapillus
  American Goshawk
Accipiter atricapillus
RQ- Goshawk
Astur atricapillus
  Goshawk
Astur atricapiilus
R Goshawk
Accipiter gentilis
Q+ Northern Goshawk
Accipiter gentilis
  Northern Goshawk
Accipiter gentilis
   
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter velox
  Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter velox
  Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter velox
  Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter velox
R Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter striatus
  Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter striatus
  Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter striatus
   
Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperi
Zi Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperii
Zi Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperi
  Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperi
Zi Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperii
  Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperii
  Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperii
   
European Buzzard
Buteo buteo
  European Buzzard
Buteo buteo
A  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo borealis
L Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo borealis
  Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo borealis
  Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo borealis
SR Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo jamaicensis
L Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo jamaicensis
  Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo jamaicensis
   
Harlan's Hawk
Buteo harlani
L  
 
   
 
   
 
S Harlan's Hawk
Buteo harlani
L  
 
   
 
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Roadside Hawk
Buteo magnirostris
AC tx  
Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
  Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
  Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
  Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
  Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
  Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
  Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo lineatus
   
Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo latissimus
  Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo latissimus
R Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo platypterus
  Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo platypterus
  Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo platypterus
  Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo platypterus
  Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo platypterus
   
Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
  Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
  Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
  Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
  Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
  Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
  Swainson's Hawk
Buteo swainsoni
   
Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo abbreviatus
  Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo abbreviatus
  Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo abbreviatus
R Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo albonotatus
  Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo albonotatus
  Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo albonotatus
  Zone-tailed Hawk
Buteo albonotatus
   
White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
Q+ Sennet's White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
  Sennet's White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
  Sennet's White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
Q- White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
  White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
  White-tailed Hawk
Buteo albicaudatus
   
Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
  Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
  Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
  Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
  Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
  Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
  Short-tailed Hawk
Buteo brachyurus
fl, AC tx  
Rough-legged Hawk
Archibuteo lagopus
  Rough-legged Hawk
Archibuteo lagopus
  Rough-legged Hawk
Archibuteo lagopus
RQ+ American Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lagopus
Q- Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lagopus
  Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lagopus
  Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lagopus
   
Ferruginous Rough-leg
Archibuteo ferrugineus
  Ferruginous Rough-leg
Archibuteo ferrugineus
  Ferruginous Rough-leg
Archibuteo ferrugineus
R Ferruginous Rough-leg
Buteo regalis
E Ferruginous Hawk
Buteo regalis
  Ferruginous Hawk
Buteo regalis
  Ferruginous Hawk
Buteo regalis
   
Mexican Goshawk
Asturina plagiata
  Mexican Goshawk
Asturina plagiata
  Mexican Goshawk
Asturina plagiata
  Mexican Goshawk
Asturina plagiata
RE Gray Hawk
Buteo nitidus
  Gray Hawk
Buteo nitidus
R Gray Hawk
Asturina nitida
mexborder  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Crane Hawk
Geranospiza caerulescebs
AC tx  
Harris's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
  Harris's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
  Harris's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
  Harris's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
Qs Harris' Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
  Harris' Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
Qs Harris's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus
   
Mexican Black Hawk
Urubitinga anthracina
  Mexican Black Hawk
Urubitinga anthracina
  Mexican Black Hawk
Urubitinga anthracina
  Mexican Black Hawk
Urubitinga anthracina
RQ- Black Hawk
Buteogallus anthracinus
Q+H+ Common Black-Hawk
Buteogallus anthracinus
  Common Black-Hawk
Buteogallus anthracinus
   
Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
  Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
  Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
  Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
  Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
  Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
  Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
   
Harpy Eagle
Thrasaetos harpyia
  Harpy Eagle
Thrasaetos harpyia
A  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Gray Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
  Gray Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
  Gray Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
  Gray Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
  Gray Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
Qc White-tailed Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
  White-tailed Eagle
Haliaeetus albicilla
AC ak  
Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Steller's Sea Eagle
Thallasoaetus pelagicus
R Steller's Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus pelagicus
  Steller's Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus pelagicus
  Steller's Sea Eagle
Haliaeetus pelagicus
AC ak  
Marsh Hawk
Circus hudsonius
  Marsh Hawk
Circus hudsonius
  Marsh Hawk
Circus hudsonius
  Marsh Hawk
Circus hudsonius
R Marsh Hawk
Circus cyaneus
E Northern Harrier
Circus cyaneus
  Northern Harrier
Circus cyaneus
   
Osprey, Caracaras and Falcons   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
American Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
  American Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
Q- Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
  Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
  Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
  Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
  Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
   
Audubon's Caracara
Polyborus cheriway
  Audubon's Caracara
Polyborus cheriway
  Audubon's Caracara
Polyborus cheriway
  Audubon's Caracara
Polyborus cheriway
RQ- Caracara
Caracara cheriway
LRQ+ Crested Caracara
Polyborus plancus
R Crested Caracara
Caracara plancus
  2000: Crested Caracara, Caracara cheriway
Guadalupe Caracara
Polyborus lutosus
  Guadalupe Caracara
Polyborus lutosus
  Guadalupe Caracara
Polyborus lutosus
  Guadalupe Caracara
Polyborus lutosus
  Guadalupe Caracara
Polyborus lutosus
L  
 
   
 
  Extinct
Gray Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
  Gray Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
  Gray Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
LQ- Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
  Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
  Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
  Gyrfalcon
Falco rusticolus
   
White Gyrfalcon
Falco islandus
  White Gyrfalcon
Falco islandus
  White Gyrfalcon
Falco islandus
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
  Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
  Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
  Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
  Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
  Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
  Prairie Falcon
Falco mexicanus
   
Duck Hawk
Falco peregrinus
  Duck Hawk
Falco peregrinus
E Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
  Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
  Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
  Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
  Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
   
Aplomado Falcon
Falco fusco-coerulescens
  Aplomado Falcon
Falco fusco-coerulescens
  Aplomado Falcon
Falco fusco-caerulescens
  Aplomado Falcon
Falco fusco-coerulescens
R Aplomado Falcon
Falco femoralis
  Aplomado Falcon
Falco femoralis
  Aplomado Falcon
Falco femoralis
  Falco fusco-coerulescens is unidentifiable
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Eurasian Hobby
Falco subbuteo
AC ak  
Richardson's Merlin
Falco richardsonii
  Richardson's Merlin
Falco richardsonii
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Pigeon Hawk
Falco columbarius
  Pigeon Hawk
Falco columbarius
L Pigeon Hawk
Falco columbarius
  Pigeon Hawk
Falco columbarius
L Pigeon Hawk
Falco columbarius
E Merlin
Falco columbarius
  Merlin
Falco columbarius
   
 
 
  Merlin
Falco regulus
R Merlin
Falco aesalon
  Merlin
Falco aesalon
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
  Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
  Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
  Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
  Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
Q+ Eurasian Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
  Eurasian Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
AC na  
American Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparverius
  American Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparverius
Q- Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparverius
L Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparverius
  Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparverius
E American Kestrel
Falco sparverius
  American Kestrel
Falco sparverius
   
Cuban Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparverioides
R Cuban Sparrow Hawk
Falco dominicensis
R Cuban Sparrow Hawk
Falco sparveroides
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Chachalaca, Grouse, Ptarmigans, Quails, Turkey   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
  Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
  Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
  Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
  Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
Q+ Plain Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
  Plain Chachalaca
Ortalis vetula
txborder  
Dusky Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
  Dusky Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
  Dusky Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
  Dusky Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
Qc Blue Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
  Blue Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
  Blue Grouse
Dendragapus obscurus
   
Canada Grouse
Dendragapus canadensis
  Canada Grouse
Dendragapus canadensis
RE Hudsonian Spruce Partridge
Canachites canadensis
E Spruce Grouse
Canachites canadensis
L Spruce Grouse
Canachites canadensis
R Spruce Grouse
Dendragapus canadensis
R Spruce Grouse
Falcipennis canadensis
   
Franklin's Grouse
Dendragapus franklinii
  Franklin's Grouse
Dendragapus franklinii
RZi Franklin's Grouse
Canachites franklini
  Franklin's Grouse
Canachites franklini
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
  Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
  Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
  Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
  Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
  Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
  Ruffed Grouse
Bonasa umbellus
   
Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
  Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
  Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
  Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
  Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
  Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
  Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
   
Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus rupestris
  Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus rupestris
  Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus rupestris
L Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus rupestris
R Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus mutus
  Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus mutus
  Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus mutus
   
 
 
   
 
  Evermann's Ptarmigan
Lagopus evermanni
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Welch's Ptarmigan
Lagopus welchi
  Welch's Ptarmigan
Lagopus welchi
  Welch's Ptarmigan
Lagopus welchi
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
  White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
  White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
  White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
  White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
  White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
  White-tailed Ptarmigan
Lagopus leucurus
   
Heath Hen
Tympanuchus cupido
  Heath Hen
Tympanuchus cupido
  Heath Hen
Tympanuchus cupido
LE Greater Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus cupido
  Greater Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus cupido
  Greater Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus cupido
  Greater Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus cupido
   
Prairie Hen
Tympanuchus americanus
  Prairie Hen
Tympanuchus americanus
E Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus americanus
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Lesser Prairie Hen
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
  Lesser Prairie Hen
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
E Lesser Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
  Lesser Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
  Lesser Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
  Lesser Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
  Lesser Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
   
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Pediocaetes phasianellus
  Sharp-tailed Grouse
Pediocaetes phasianellus
R Sharp-tailed Grouse
Pedioecetes phasianellus
  Sharp-tailed Grouse
Pedioecetes phasianellus
  Sharp-tailed Grouse
Pedioecetes phasianellus
R Sharp-tailed Grouse
Tympanuchus phasianellus
  Sharp-tailed Grouse
Tympanuchus phasianellus
  Pediocaetes IS the name in Baird 1858
Sage Grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus
  Sage Grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus
E Sage Hen
Centrocercus urophasianus
  Sage Hen
Centrocercus urophasianus
E Sage Grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus
  Sage Grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus
SQ+ Greater Sage Grouse
Centrocercus urophasianus
  2000: due to split
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
S Gunnison Sage Grouse
Centrocercus minimus
  2000: Split of C. urophasianus
Bob-white
Colinus virginianus
L Bob-white
Colinus virginianus
  Bob-white
Colinus virginianus
  Bob-white
Colinus virginianus
LH- Bobwhite
Colinus virginianus
Q+ Northern Bobwhite
Colinus virginianus
  Northern Bobwhite
Colinus virginianus
   
Grayson's Bob-white
Colinus graysoni
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Masked Bob-white
Colinus ridgwayi
  Masked Bob-white
Colinus ridgwayi
  Masked Bob-white
Colinus ridgwayi
  Masked Bob-white
Colinus ridgwayi
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
Scaled Partridge
Callipepla squamata
  Scaled Partridge
Callipepla squamata
E Scaled Quail
Callipepla squamata
  Scaled Quail
Callipepla squamata
  Scaled Quail
Callipepla squamata
  Scaled Quail
Callipepla squamata
  Scaled Quail
Callipepla squamata
   
California Partridge
Callipepla californica
  California Partridge
Callipepla californica
RE California Quail
Lophortyx californica
  California Quail
Lophortyx californica
Z California Quail
Lophortyx californicus
R California Quail
Callipepla californica
  California Quail
Callipepla californica
   
Gambel's Partridge
Callipepla gambeli
Zi Gambel's Partridge
Callipepla gambelii
REZi Gambel's Quail
Lophortyx gambeli
  Gambel's Quail
Lophortyx gambeli
  Gambel's Quail
Lophortyx gambeli
RZi Gambel's Quail
Callipepla gambelii
  Gambel's Quail
Callipepla gambelii
   
Mountain Partridge
Oreortyx pictus
  Mountain Partridge
Oreortyx pictus
EZ Mountain Quail
Oreortyx picta
  Mountain Quail
Oreortyx picta
Z Mountain Quail
Oreortyx pictus
  Mountain Quail
Oreortyx pictus
  Mountain Quail
Oreortyx pictus
   
Massena Partridge
Cyrtonyx montezumae
  Massena Partridge
Cyrtonyx montezumae
E Mearn's Quail
Cyrtonyx montezumae
Qs Mearns's Quail
Cyrtonyx montezumae
Qc Harlequin Quail
Cyrtonyx montezumae
Qc Montezuma Quail
Cyrtonyx montezumae
  Montezuma Quail
Cyrtonyx montezumae
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
  Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
  Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
  Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
Intr  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Chukar
Alectoris graeca
  Chukar
Alectoris graeca
  Chukar
Alectoris graeca
Intr  
 
 
   
 
   
 
  European Partridge
Perdix perdix
Qc Gray Partridge
Perdix perdix
  Gray Partridge
Perdix perdix
  Gray Partridge
Perdix perdix
Intr  
Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
  Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
Qc Merriam's Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
Q- Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
  Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
Q+ Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
  Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
   
Cranes, Limpkin, Rails, Crakes, Gallinules and Coots   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Common Crane
Grus grus
  Common Crane
Grus grus
AC ak, na  
Whooping Crane
Grus americana
  Whooping Crane
Grus americana
  Whooping Crane
Grus americana
  Whooping Crane
Grus americana
  Whooping Crane
Grus americana
  Whooping Crane
Grus americana
  Whooping Crane
Grus americana
   
Little Brown Crane
Grus canadensis
  Little Brown Crane
Grus canadensis
  Little Brown Crane
Grus canadensis
LQc Sandhill Crane
Grus canadensis
  Sandhill Crane
Grus canadensis
  Sandhill Crane
Grus canadensis
  Sandhill Crane
Grus canadensis
   
Sandhill Crane
Grus mexicana
  Sandhill Crane
Grus mexicana
  Sandhill Crane
Grus mexicana
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Limpkin
Aramus giganteus
  Limpkin
Aramus giganteus
R Limpkin
Aramus vociferus
R Limpkin
Aramus pictus
R Limpkin
Aramus guarauna
  Limpkin
Aramus guarauna
  Limpkin
Aramus guarauna
   
King Rail
Rallus elegans
  King Rail
Rallus elegans
  King Rail
Rallus elegans
  King Rail
Rallus elegans
  King Rail
Rallus elegans
  King Rail
Rallus elegans
  King Rail
Rallus elegans
   
Belding's Rail
Rallus beldingi
  Belding's Rail
Rallus beldingi
  Belding's Rail
Rallus beldingi
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
California Clapper Rail
Rallus obsoletus
  California Clapper Rail
Rallus obsoletus
  California Clapper Rail
Rallus obsoletus
L California Clapper Rail
Rallus obsoletus
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
   
 
  Light-footed Rail
Rallus levipes
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
  Clapper Rail
Rallus crepitans
L Clapper Rail
Rallus crepitans
  Clapper Rail
Rallus crepitans
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
  Florida Clapper Rail
Rallus scotti
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Clapper Rail
Rallus longirostris
  Caribbean Clapper Rail
Rallus longirostris
  Caribbean Clapper Rail
Rallus longirostris
R Caribbean Clapper Rail
Rallus obsoletus
LRQ- Clapper Rail
Rallus longirostris
  Clapper Rail
Rallus longirostris
  Clapper Rail
Rallus longirostris
   
Virginia Rail
Rallus virginianus
  Virginia Rail
Rallus virginianus
  Virginia Rail
Rallus virginianus
R Virginia Rail
Rallus limicola
  Virginia Rail
Rallus limicola
  Virginia Rail
Rallus limicola
  Virginia Rail
Rallus limicola
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Water Rail
Rallus aquaticus
  Water Rail
Rallus aquaticus
A  
 
   
 
   
Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
  Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
  Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
  Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
  Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
  Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
  Spotted Crake
Porzana porzana
AC green  
Sora
Porzana carolina
  Sora
Porzana carolina
  Sora
Porzana carolina
  Sora
Porzana carolina
  Sora
Porzana carolina
  Sora
Porzana carolina
  Sora
Porzana carolina
   
Yellow Rail
Porzana noveboracensis
  Yellow Rail
Porzana noveboracensis
R Yellow Rail
Coturnicops noveboracensis
  Yellow Rail
Coturnicops noveboracensis
  Yellow Rail
Coturnicops noveboracensis
  Yellow Rail
Coturnicops noveboracensis
  Yellow Rail
Coturnicops noveboracensis
   
Black Rail
Porzana jamaicensis
  Black Rail
Porzana jamaicensis
R Black Rail
Creciscus jamaicensis
L Black Rail
Creciscus jamaicensis
R Black Rail
Laterallus jamaicensis
  Black Rail
Laterallus jamaicensis
  Black Rail
Laterallus jamaicensis
   
 
 
  Farallone Rail
Porzana coturniculus
RQc Farallon Rail
Creciscus coturniculus
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Spotted Rail
Pardirallus maculatus
AC tx, pa  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Paint-billed Crake
Neocrex erythrops
AC tx, va  
Corn Crake
Crex crex
  Corn Crake
Crex crex
  Corn Crake
Crex crex
  Corn Crake
Crex crex
  Corn Crake
Crex crex
  Corn Crake
Crex crex
  Corn Crake
Crex crex
AC ec  
Purple Gallinule
Ionornis martinica
  Purple Gallinule
Ionornis martinica
  Purple Gallinule
Ionornis martinica
  Purple Gallinule
Ionornis martinica
R Purple Gallinule
Porphyrula martinica
  Purple Gallinule
Porphyrula martinica
  Purple Gallinule
Porphyrula martinica
   
Florida Gallinule
Gallinula galeata
  Florida Gallinule
Gallinula galeata
  Florida Gallinule
Gallinula galeata
R Florida Gallinule
Gallinula chloropus
Qc Common Gallinule
Gallinula chloropus
E Common Moorhen
Gallinula chloropus
  Common Moorhen
Gallinula chloropus
   
European Coot
Fulica atra
  European Coot
Fulica atra
  European Coot
Fulica atra
  European Coot
Fulica atra
  European Coot
Fulica atra
Qc Eurasian Coot
Fulica atra
  Eurasian Coot
Fulica atra
AC ak, ec  
American Coot
Fulica americana
  American Coot
Fulica americana
Q- Coot
Fulica americana
Q+ American Coot
Fulica americana
  American Coot
Fulica americana
  American Coot
Fulica americana
  American Coot
Fulica americana
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Caribbean Coot
Fulica caribaea
A  
 
  Supposed variants of F. americana
Jacana, Oystercatchers, Lapwings, Plovers and Turnstones   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
Mexican Jacana
Jacana gymnostoma
R Mexican Jacana
Jacana spinosa
  Mexican Jacana
Jacana spinosa
  Mexican Jacana
Jacana spinosa
Q- Jacana
Jacana spinosa
Q+ Northern Jacana
Jacana spinosa
  Northern Jacana
Jacana spinosa
   
Oyster-catcher
Haematopus ostralegus
  Oyster-catcher
Haematopus ostralegus
Q+ European Oyster-catcher
Haematopus ostralegus
  European Oyster-catcher
Haematopus ostralegus
H- European Oystercatcher
Haematopus ostralegus
A  
 
Qc Eurasian Oystercatcher
Haematopus ostralegus
AC ec  
American Oyster-catcher
Haematopus palliatus
  American Oyster-catcher
Haematopus palliatus
Q- Oyster-catcher
Haematopus palliatus
L American Oyster-catcher
Haematopus palliatus
H- American Oystercatcher
Haematopus palliatus
  American Oystercatcher
Haematopus palliatus
  American Oystercatcher
Haematopus palliatus
   
 
 
  Frazar's Oyster-catcher
Haematopus frazari
  Frazar's Oyster-catcher
Haematopus frazari
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Black Oyster-catcher
Haematopus bachmani
  Black Oyster-catcher
Haematopus bachmani
  Black Oyster-catcher
Haematopus bachmani
  Black Oyster-catcher
Haematopus bachmani
H- Black Oystercatcher
Haematopus bachmani
Q+ American Black Oystercatcher
Haematopus bachmani
Q- Black Oystercatcher
Haematopus bachmani
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Double-striped Thick-knee
Burhinus bistriatus
AC tx  
Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
  Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
  Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
  Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
  Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
Q+ Northern Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
  Northern Lapwing
Vanellus vanellus
AC na  
Ring Plover
Aegialitis hiaticula
  Ring Plover
Aegialitis hiaticula
Qc Ringed Plover
Aegialitis hiaticula
R Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula
  Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula
Q+ Common Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula
  Common Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula
   
Little Ring Plover
Aegialitis dubia
  Little Ring Plover
Aegialitis dubia
Qc Little Ringed Plover
Aegialitis dubia
R Little Ringed Plover
Charadrius dubius
A  
 
  Little Ringed Plover
Charadrius dubius
  Little Ringed Plover
Charadrius dubius
AC ak  
Semipalmated Plover
Aegialitis semipalmata
  Semipalmated Plover
Aegialitis semipalmata
  Semipalmated Plover
Aegialitis semipalmata
R Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus
  Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus
  Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus
  Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus
   
Piping Plover
Aegialitis meloda
  Piping Plover
Aegialitis meloda
  Piping Plover
Aegialitis meloda
R Piping Plover
Charadrius melodus
  Piping Plover
Charadrius melodus
  Piping Plover
Charadrius melodus
  Piping Plover
Charadrius melodus
   
Snowy Plover
Aegialitis nivosa
  Snowy Plover
Aegialitis nivosa
  Snowy Plover
Aegialitis nivosa
R Snowy Plover
Charadrius nivosus
R Snowy Plover
Charadrius alexandrinus
  Snowy Plover
Charadrius alexandrinus
  Snowy Plover
Charadrius alexandrinus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Collared Plover
Charadrius collaris
AC tx  
Mongolian Plover
Aegialitis mongola
  Mongolian Plover
Aegialitis mongola
  Mongolian Plover
Aegialitis mongola
R Mongolian Plover
Charadrius mongolus
  Mongolian Plover
Charadrius mongolus
  Mongolian Plover
Charadrius mongolus
  Mongolian Plover
Charadrius mongolus
   
Wilson's Plover
Aegialitis wilsonius
Z Wilson's Plover
Aegialitis wilsonia
R Wilson's Plover
Ochthodromus wilsonius
R Wilson's Plover
Pagolla wilsonia
R Wilson's Plover
Charadrius wilsonia
  Wilson's Plover
Charadrius wilsonia
  Wilson's Plover
Charadrius wilsonia
   
Killdeer
Aegialitis vocifera
  Killdeer
Aegialitis vocifera
R Killdeer
Oxyechus vociferus
  Killdeer
Oxyechus vociferus
R Killdeer
Charadrius vociferus
  Killdeer
Charadrius vociferus
  Killdeer
Charadrius vociferus
   
Mountain Plover
Aegialitis montana
  Mountain Plover
Aegialitis montana
R Mountain Plover
Podasocys montanus
R Mountain Plover
Eupoda montana
  Mountain Plover
Eupoda montana
R Mountain Plover
Charadrius montanus
  Mountain Plover
Charadrius montanus
   
 
 
   
 
  Dotterel
Eudromias morinellus
  Dotterel
Eudromias morinellus
  Dotterel
Eudromias morinellus
RQ+ Eurasian Dotterel
Charadrius morinellus
  Eurasian Dotterel
Charadrius morinellus
AC ak  
Golden Plover
Charadrius apricarius
  Golden Plover
Charadrius apricarius
Q+ European Golden Plover
Charadrius apricarius
R European Golden Plover
Pluvialis apricaria
Qc Eurasian Golden Plover
Pluvialis apricaria
E Greater Golden-Plover
Pluvialis apricaria
Qc European Golden-Plover
Pluvialis apricaria
AC ak, ec  
American Golden Plover
Charadrius dominicus
  American Golden Plover
Charadrius dominicus
Q- Golden Plover
Charadrius dominicus
RQ+ American Golden Plover
Pluvialis dominica
  American Golden Plover
Pluvialis dominica
E Lesser Golden-Plover
Pluvialis dominica
SQc American Golden-Plover
Pluvialis dominica
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
S Pacific Golden-Plover
Pluvialis fulva
   
Black-bellied Plover
Charadrius squatarola
  Black-bellied Plover
Charadrius squatarola
R Black-bellied Plover
Squatarola squatarola
  Black-bellied Plover
Squatarola squatarola
  Black-bellied Plover
Squatarola squatarola
R Black-bellied Plover
Pluvialis squatarola
  Black-bellied Plover
Pluvialis squatarola
   
Surf Bird
Aphriza virgata
  Surf Bird
Aphriza virgata
H+ Surf-bird
Aphriza virgata
  Surf-bird
Aphriza virgata
H- Surfbird
Aphriza virgata
  Surfbird
Aphriza virgata
  Surfbird
Aphriza virgata
   
Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
  Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
  Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
Q+ Ruddy Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
  Ruddy Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
  Ruddy Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
  Ruddy Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
   
Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
  Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
  Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
  Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
  Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
  Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
  Black Turnstone
Arenaria melanocephala
   
Woodcock, Snipes, Curlews and Sandpipers   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
American Woodcock
Philohela minor
  American Woodcock
Philohela minor
Q- Woodcock
Philohela minor
Q+ American Woodcock
Philohela minor
  American Woodcock
Philohela minor
R American Woodcock
Scolopax minor
  American Woodcock
Scolopax minor
   
European Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
  European Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
  European Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
  European Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
  European Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
Qc Eurasian Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
  Eurasian Woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
AC ec  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Pin-tailed Snipe
Gallinago stenura
AC ak  
European Snipe
Gallinago gallinago
  European Snipe
Gallinago gallinago
  European Snipe
Gallinago gallinago
R European Snipe
Capella gallinago
LQc Common Snipe
Capella gallinago
R Common Snipe
Gallinago gallinago
  Common Snipe
Gallinago gallinago
   
Wilson's Snipe
Gallinago delicata
  Wilson's Snipe
Gallinago delicata
  Wilson's Snipe
Gallinago delicata
R Wilson's Snipe
Capella delicata
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
   
 
  Great Snipe
Gallinago media
R Great Snipe
Capella media
A  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  European Jack Snipe
Lymnocryptes minimus
E European Jacksnipe
Lymnocryptes minimus
E Jack Snipe
Lymnocryptes minimus
  Jack Snipe
Lymnocryptes minimus
AC na  
Long-billed Curlew
Numenius longirostris
  Long-billed Curlew
Numenius longirostris
R Long-billed Curlew
Numenius americanus
  Long-billed Curlew
Numenius americanus
  Long-billed Curlew
Numenius americanus
  Long-billed Curlew
Numenius americanus
  Long-billed Curlew
Numenius americanus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  European Curlew
Numenius arquatus
ZQc Eurasian Curlew
Numenius arquata
  Eurasian Curlew
Numenius arquata
  Eurasian Curlew
Numenius arquata
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Far Eastern Curlew
Numenius madagascariensis
  Far Eastern Curlew
Numenius madagascariensis
AC ak  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Slender-biller Curlew
Numenius tenuirostris
  Slender-biller Curlew
Numenius tenuirostris
AC ec  
Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
  Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
  Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
R Whimbrel
Phaeopus phaeopus
RL Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
  Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
  Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
   
Hudsonian Curlew
Numenius hudsonicus
  Hudsonian Curlew
Numenius hudsonicus
  Hudsonian Curlew
Numenius hudsonicus
R Hudsonian Curlew
Phaeopus hudsonicus
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
Bristle-thighed Curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
  Bristle-thighed Curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
  Bristle-thighed Curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
R Bristle-thighed Curlew
Phaeopus tahitiensis
R Bristle-thighed Curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
  Bristle-thighed Curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
  Bristle-thighed Curlew
Numenius tahitiensis
   
Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
  Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
  Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
R Eskimo Curlew
Phaeopus borealis
R Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
  Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
  Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Little Curlew
Numenius minutus
AC wc  
Bartramian Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
  Bartramian Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
E Upland Plover
Bartramia longicauda
  Upland Plover
Bartramia longicauda
  Upland Plover
Bartramia longicauda
E Upland Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
  Upland Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Terek Sandpiper
Xenus cinereus
  Terek Sandpiper
Xenus cinereus
AC wc  
Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
  Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
  Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
  Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
  Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
  Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
  Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularia
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Common Sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucus
  Common Sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucus
AC ak  
Solitary Sandpiper
Totanus solitarius
  Solitary Sandpiper
Totanus solitarius
R Solitary Sandpiper
Helodromas solitarius
R Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria
  Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria
  Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria
  Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa solitaria
   
Green Sandpiper
Totanus ocropus
  Green Sandpiper
Totanus ocropus
R Green Sandpiper
Helodromas ocropus
R Green Sandpiper
Totanus ocropus
A  
 
   
 
  Green Sandpiper
Tringa ocropus
AC ak  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Spotted Redshank
Tringa erythropus
  Spotted Redshank
Tringa erythropus
AC na  
 
 
   
 
  Wood Sandpiper
Rhyacophilus glareola
  Wood Sandpiper
Rhyacophilus glareola
R Wood Sandpiper
Tringa glareola
  Wood Sandpiper
Tringa glareola
  Wood Sandpiper
Tringa glareola
AC wc  
Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
  Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
  Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
  Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
  Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
  Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
  Wandering Tattler
Heteractitis incanus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Polynesian Tattler
Heteractitis brevipes
  Polynesian Tattler
Heteractitis brevipes
Qc Gray-tailed Tattler
Heteractitis brevipes
  Gray-tailed Tattler
Heteractitis brevipes
AC wc  
Willet
Symphemia semipalmata
  Willet
Symphemia semipalmata
R Willet
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
  Willet
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
  Willet
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
  Willet
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
  Willet
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
   
Green-shank
Totanus nebularius
  Green-shank
Totanus nebularius
R Green-shank
Glottis nebularia
A  
 
   
 
RQ+H- Common Greenshank
Tringa nebularia
  Common Greenshank
Tringa nebularia
AC ak, ec  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Marsh Sandpiper
Tringa stagnatilis
  Marsh Sandpiper
Tringa stagnatilis
AC ak  
Greater Yellow-legs
Totanus melanoleucus
  Greater Yellow-legs
Totanus melanoleucus
  Greater Yellow-legs
Totanus melanoleucus
  Greater Yellow-legs
Totanus melanoleucus
H- Greater Yellowlegs
Totanus melanoleucus
R Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa melanoleuca
  Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa melanoleuca
   
Yellow-legs
Totanus flavipes
  Yellow-legs
Totanus flavipes
  Yellow-legs
Totanus flavipes
Q+ Lesser Yellow-legs
Totanus flavipes
H- Lesser Yellowlegs
Totanus flavipes
R Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes
  Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Iceland Redshank
Totanus totanus
Q- Redshank
Totanus totanus
A  
 
Q+ Common Redshank
Tringa totanus
AC ec to Appendix B
Knot
Tringa canutus
  Knot
Tringa canutus
  Knot
Tringa canutus
RQ+ American Knot
Calidris canutus
Q- Knot
Calidris canutus
Q+ Red Knot
Calidris canutus
  Red Knot
Calidris canutus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Eastern Asiatic Knot
Calidris tenuirostris
Qc Great Knot
Calidris tenuirostris
  Great Knot
Calidris tenuirostris
  Great Knot
Calidris tenuirostris
AC ak, or  
Purple Sandpiper
Tringa maritima
  Purple Sandpiper
Tringa maritima
LR Purple Sandpiper
Arquatella maritima
S Purple Sandpiper
Arquatella maritima
R Purple Sandpiper
Erolia maritima
R Purple Sandpiper
Calidris maritima
  Purple Sandpiper
Calidris maritima
   
Pribilof Sandpiper
Tringa ptilocnemis
  Pribilof Sandpiper
Tringa ptilocnemis
L  
 
S Rock Sandpiper
Arquatella ptilocnemis
R Rock Sandpiper
Erolia ptilocnemis
R Rock Sandpiper
Calidris ptilocnemis
  Rock Sandpiper
Calidris ptilocnemis
   
Aleutian Sandpiper
Tringa couesi
  Aleutian Sandpiper
Tringa couesi
L  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Tringa acuminata
  Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Tringa acuminata
R Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Pisobia aurita
R Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Pisobia acuminata
R Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Erolia acuminata
R Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Calidris acuminata
  Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Calidris acuminata
   
Pectoral Sandpiper
Tringa maculata
  Pectoral Sandpiper
Tringa maculata
R Pectoral Sandpiper
Pisobia maculata
R Pectoral Sandpiper
Pisobia melanotos
R Pectoral Sandpiper
Erolia melanotos
R Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris melanotus
  Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris melanotus
   
White-rumped Sandpiper
Tringa fuscicollis
  White-rumped Sandpiper
Tringa fuscicollis
R White-rumped Sandpiper
Pisobia fuscicollis
  White-rumped Sandpiper
Pisobia fuscicollis
R White-rumped Sandpiper
Erolia fuscicollis
R White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis
  White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis
   
Baird's Sandpiper
Tringa bairdii
  Baird's Sandpiper
Tringa bairdii
RZi Baird's Sandpiper
Pisobia bairdi
  Baird's Sandpiper
Pisobia bairdi
RZi Baird's Sandpiper
Erolia bairdii
R Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris bairdii
  Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris bairdii
   
Least Sandpiper
Tringa minutilla
  Least Sandpiper
Tringa minutilla
R Least Sandpiper
Pisobia minutilla
  Least Sandpiper
Pisobia minutilla
R Least Sandpiper
Erolia minutilla
R Least Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla
  Least Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla
   
 
 
  Long-toed Stint
Tringa damacensis
R Long-toed Stint
Pisobia damacensis
R Long-toed Stint
Pisobia subminuta
R Long-toed Stint
Erolia subminuta
R Long-toed Stint
Calidris subminuta
  Long-toed Stint
Calidris subminuta
AC ak, wc  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Temminck's Stint
Calidris temminckii
  Temminck's Stint
Calidris temminckii
AC ak, bc  
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Little Stint
Calidris minuta
  Little Stint
Calidris minuta
AC na  
 
 
   
 
   
 
  Rufous-necked Sandpiper
Pisobia ruficollis
R Rufous-necked Sandpiper
Erolia ruficollis
RE Rufous-necked Stint
Calidris ruficollis
Qc Red-necked Stint
Calidris ruficollis
   
Curlew Sandpiper
Tringa ferruginea
  Curlew Sandpiper
Tringa ferruginea
R Curlew Sandpiper
Erolia ferruginea
R Curlew Sandpiper
Erolia testacea
R Curlew Sandpiper
Erolia ferruginea
R Curlew Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea
  Curlew Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea
   
Dunlin
Tringa alpina
  Dunlin
Tringa alpina
R Dunlin
Pelidna alpina
  Dunlin
Pelidna alpina
R Dunlin
Erolia alpina
R Dunlin
Calidris alpina
  Dunlin
Calidris alpina
   
Dowitcher
Macrorhamphus griseus
  Dowitcher
Macrorhamphus griseus
L Dowitcher
Macrorhamphus griseus
R Dowitcher
Limnodromus griseus
SQ+ Short-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus griseus
  Short-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus griseus
  Short-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus griseus
   
Long-billed Dowitcher
Macrorhamphus scolopaceus
  Long-billed Dowitcher
Macrorhamphus scolopaceus
L  
 
   
 
S Long-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus
  Long-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus
  Long-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus
   
Stilt Sandpiper
Micropalama himantopus
  Stilt Sandpiper
Micropalama himantopus
  Stilt Sandpiper
Micropalama himantopus
  Stilt Sandpiper
Micropalama himantopus
  Stilt Sandpiper
Micropalama himantopus
R Stilt Sandpiper
Calidris himantopus
  Stilt Sandpiper
Calidris himantopus
   
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Ereunetes pusillus
  Semipalmated Sandpiper
Ereunetes pusillus
  Semipalmated Sandpiper
Ereunetes pusillus
  Semipalmated Sandpiper
Ereunetes pusillus
  Semipalmated Sandpiper
Ereunetes pusillus
R Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla
  Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla
   
Western Sandpiper
Ereunetes occidentalis
  Western Sandpiper
Ereunetes occidentalis
R Western Sandpiper
Ereunetes mauri
Zi Western Sandpiper
Ereunetes maurii
Zi Western Sandpiper
Ereunetes mauri
R Western Sandpiper
Calidris mauri
  Western Sandpiper
Calidris mauri
   
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Broad-billed Sandpiper
Limicola falcinellus
  Broad-billed Sandpiper
Limicola falcinellus
AC ak  
Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
  Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
  Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
  Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
  Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
  Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
  Marbled Godwit
Limosa fedoa
   
Pacific Godwit
Limosa lapponica
  Pacific Godwit
Limosa lapponica
  Pacific Godwit
Limosa lapponica
Qc Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa lapponica
  Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa lapponica
  Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa lapponica
  Bar-tailed Godwit
Limosa lapponica
   
Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
  Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
  Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
  Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
  Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
  Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
  Hudsonian Godwit
Limosa haemastica
   
Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
  Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
  Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
  Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
  Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
  Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
  Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
AC ec  
Ruff
Pavoncella pugnax
  Ruff
Pavoncella pugnax
R Ruff
Machetes pugnax
R Ruff
Philomachus pugnax
  Ruff
Philomachus pugnax
  Ruff
Philomachus pugnax
  Ruff
Philomachus pugnax
   
Sanderling
Calidris arenaria
  Sanderling
Calidris arenaria
R Sanderling
Calidris leucophaea
R Sanderling
Crocethia alba
  Sanderling
Crocethia alba
R Sanderling
Calidris alba
  Sanderling
Calidris alba
   
Spoon-bill Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
  Spoon-bill Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
  Spoon-bill Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
  Spoon-bill Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
QcZ Spoon-billed Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeum
QcZ Spoonbill Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
  Spoonbill Sandpiper
Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
AC ak  
Avocet, Stilts, Phalaropes and Pratincole   Return to Top of Page
 1886 
 1895 
 1910 
 1931 
 1957 
 1983 
 1998 
Distr.
Notes
American Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
  American Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
  Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
  Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
Q+ American Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
  American Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
  American Avocet
Recurvirostra americana
   
Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
  Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
  Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
  Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
  Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
  Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
  Black-necked Stilt
Himantopus mexicanus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Black-winged Stilt
Himantopus himantopus
AC ak  
Red Phalarope
Crymophilus fulicarius
  Red Phalarope
Crymophilus fulicarius
R Red Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius
  Red Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius
  Red Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius
Z Red Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicaria
  Red Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicaria
   
Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor
  Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor
R Wilson's Phalarope
Steganopus tricolor
  Wilson's Phalarope
Steganopus tricolor
  Wilson's Phalarope
Steganopus tricolor
R Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor
  Wilson's Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor
   
Northern Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus
  Northern Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus
R Northern Phalarope
Lobipes lobatus
  Northern Phalarope
Lobipes lobatus
  Northern Phalarope
Lobipes lobatus
RQc Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus
  Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus
   
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Oriental Pratincole
Glareola malvivarum
AC ak  



Return to: A.O.U. Main Menu   |   Ornithology Menu   |   Zoology Menu   |   Evolution Menu

AOUb.htm  --  Updated 24 May, 2006   --   Send suggestions, corrections to Richard White