BP's Zoology Pages

Protozoa  |  Metazoa  |  Invertebrates  |  Arthropods  |  Hemichordates  |  Chordates  |  Craniates
Vertebrates  |  Unicellular-organisms  |  Sponges  |  Corals  |  Echinoderms  |  Worms  |  Mollusks
Crustaceans  |  Arachnids  |  Insects  |  Fish  |  Amphibians  |  Reptiles  |  Birds  |  Mammals

Back to: Evolution   |   Zoology



Chondrichthyes-- Cartilaginous Fish



    Class
    Subclass
      Order
        Family
          Subfamily
          Genus
            Species


contains the core information for this page. Each species' scientific name is a link to a page at FishBase describing and illustrating it. Additional links for many species or higher groupings lead to additional photos/drawings and taxonomic, biological and evolutionary details. The information by Rick [ Martin ] is highly recommended for your reading.

    Chondrichthyes -- Cartilaginous Fish -- Dogfish, Rays, Sharks, etc -- [ ucmp | ummzADW ]

    Elasmobranchii


      Hexanchiformes -- [ Martin ]

        Hexanchidae -- Cow Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 3 genera, 4 species

        Heptranchias

          Heptranchias perlo -- Sharpnose Sevengill Shark -- [ strust ]

        Hexanchus

          Hexanchus griseus -- Bluntnose Sixgill Shark -- [ Martin | ummz | strust ]
          Hexanchus nakamurai -- Bigeyed Sixgill Shark

        Notorynchus

          Notorynchus cepedianus -- Broadnose Sevengill Shark -- [ austmus | Martin ]

        Chlamydoselachidae -- Frill Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Chlamydoselachus

          Chlamydoselachus anguineus -- Frilled Shark

      Heterodontiformes -- [ Martin ]

        Heterodontidae -- Bullhead and Horn Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 8 species

        Heterodontus

          Heterodontus francisci -- Horn Shark -- [ mbay | Martin | ummz | atlas ]
          Heterodontus galeatus -- Crested Bullhead or Horn Shark -- [ austmus ]
          Heterodontus japonicus -- Japanese Bullhead Shark -- [ austmus ]
          Heterodontus mexicanus -- Mexican Hornshark
          Heterodontus portusjacksoni -- Port Jackson Shark -- [ austmus | Martin ]
          Heterodontus quoyi -- Galapagos Bullhead Shark -- [ Martin ]
          Heterodontus ramalheira -- White-spotted Bullhead Shark
          Heterodontus zebra -- Zebra Bullhead Shark -- [ austmus ]

      Orectolobiformes -- Carpet Sharks -- [ Martin ]

        Rhincodontidae -- Whale Shark -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Rhincodon

          Rhincodon typus - Whale Shark - [ austmus | Martin | ummz | fao | phuket | shegg ]

        Parascylliidae -- Collared Carpet Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 6 species

        Cirrhoscyllium

          Cirrhoscyllium expolitum -- Barbelthroat Carpetshark
          Cirrhoscyllium formosanum -- Taiwan Saddled Carpetshark
          Cirrhoscyllium japonicum -- Saddle Carpetshark

        Parascyllium

          Parascyllium collare -- Collared Carpetshark
          Parascyllium ferrugineum -- Rusty Carpetshark
          Parascyllium variolatum -- Necklace Carpetshark

        Brachaeluridae -- Blind Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 2 species

        Brachaelurus

          Brachaelurus waddi -- Blind Shark -- [ austmus ]

        Heteroscyllium

          Heteroscyllium colcloughi -- Bluegray Carpetshark

        Orectolobidae -- Wobbegons, Carpet/Nurse Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 3 genera, 6 spp.

        Eucrossorhinus

          Eucrossorhinus dasypogon -- Tasselled Wobbegong -- [ Martin ]

        Orectolobus

          Orectolobus japonicus -- Japanese Wobbegong
          Orectolobus maculatus -- Spotted Wobbegong -- [ austmus ]
          Orectolobus ornatus -- Ornate Wobbegong -- [ austmus ]
          Orectolobus wardi -- Northern Wobbegong

        Sutorectus

          Sutorectus tentaculatus -- Cobbler Wobbegong

        Hemiscylliidae -- Bamboo Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 14 species

        Chiloscyllium

          Chiloscyllium arabicum -- Arabian Carpetshark
          Chiloscyllium burmensis -- Burmese Bamboo Shark
          Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum -- Bluespotted Bambooshark
          Chiloscyllium confusum -- Catshark -- [ atlas ]
          Chiloscyllium griseum -- Grey Bambooshark -- [ shegg ]
          Chiloscyllium hasselti -- Hasselt's Bambooshark
          Chiloscyllium indicum -- Slender Bambooshark
          Chiloscyllium plagiosum -- Whitespotted Bambooshark -- [ shegg | zubi ]
          Chiloscyllium punctatum -- Brownbanded Bambooshark -- [ shegg | atlas ]

        Hemiscyllium

          Hemiscyllium freycineti -- Indonesia Speckled Carpetshark
          Hemiscyllium hallstromi -- Papuan Epaulette Shark
          Hemiscyllium ocellatum -- Epaulette Shark -- [ austmus | Martin ]
          Hemiscyllium strahani -- Hooded Carpetshark
          Hemiscyllium trispeculare -- Speckled Carpetshark

        Stegostomatidae -- Zebra Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Stegostoma

          Stegostoma fasciatum (varium) -- Zebra Shark -- [ Martin | atlas ]]

        Ginglymostomatidae -- Nurse Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 2 species

        Ginglymostoma

          Ginglymostoma cirratum -- Nurse Shark -- [ Martin | ummz ]

        Nebrius

          Nebrius ferrugineus -- Tawny Nurse Shark -- [ Martin ]

      Lamniformes -- [ Martin ]

        Odontaspididae -- Sand Tiger Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 2 genera, 4 species

        Carcharias -- [ Martin ]

          Carcharias taurus -- Sand Tiger -- [ austmus | csrl | Ellis | Martin | strust ]
                          a.k.a. Gray Nurse Shark
          Carcharias tricuspidatus -- Indian Sand Tiger

        Odontaspis

          Odontaspis ferox -- Bumpy Ragged-tooth Shark -- [ austmus | Martin | strust ]
                        a.k.a. Smalltooth Sand Tiger or Herbst's Nurse Shark
          Odontaspis noronhai -- Bigeye Ragged-tooth or Sand Tiger Shark -- [ Martin ]

        Mitsukurinidae -- Goblin Sharks -- [ Martin ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Mitsukurina

          Mitsukurina owstoni -- Goblin Shark -- [ austmus | Ellis | Martin ]

        Pseudocarchariidae -- Crocodile Sharks) -- [ Martin ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Pseudocarcharias

          Pseudocarcharias kamoharai -- Crocodile Shark

        Lamnidae -- Mackerel Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 3 genera, 5 species

        Carcharodon

          Carcharodon carcharias -- Great White Shark -- [ austmus | ucmp | csrl | Martin | strust | fao | ummz ]

        Isurus

          Isurus oxyrinchus -- Shortfin Mako -- [ austmus | fda | csrl | Ellis | Martin | strust | ummz | fao ]
          Isurus paucus -- Longfin Mako -- [ Martin ]

        Lamna

          Lamna ditropis -- Salmon Shark -- [ noaa | Martin ]
          Lamna nasus -- Porbeagle -- [ austmus | csrl | Ellis | Martin | fao ]

        Megachasmidae -- Megamouth Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Megachasma

          Megachasma pelagios -- Megamouth Shark -- [ austmus | flmnh | ummz ]

        Cetorhinidae -- Basking Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Cetorhinus

          Cetorhinus maximus -- Basking Shark -- [ austmus | csrl | strust | ummz | fao ]

        Alopiidae -- Thresher Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 1 genus, 3 species

        Alopias

          Alopias pelagicus -- Pelagic Thresher -- [ Martin ]
          Alopias superciliosus -- Bigeye Thresher -- [ Martin strust ]
          Alopias vulpinus - Thintail Thresher - [ austmus | fda | csrl | Martin | strust | ummz ]

      Carcharhiniformes -- Ground Sharks -- [ aqua.org | Martin ]

        Scyliorhinidae -- Catsharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 15 genera, 111 species

        Apristurus

          Apristurus acanutus -- Flatnose Catshark
          Apristurus aphyodes --
          Apristurus atlanticus -- Atlantic Ghost Catshark
          Apristurus brunneus -- Brown Catshark
          Apristurus canutus -- Hoary Catshark
          Apristurus gibbosus -- Humpback Catshark
          Apristurus herklotsi -- Longfin Catshark
          Apristurus indicus -- Smallbelly Catshark
          Apristurus investigatoris -- Broadnose Catshark
          Apristurus japonicus -- Japanese Catshark
          Apristurus kampae -- Longnose Catshark
          Apristurus laurussoni -- Iceland Catshark
          Apristurus longicephalus -- Longhead Catshark
          Apristurus macrorhynchus -- Flathead Catshark
          Apristurus macrostomus -- Broadmouth Catshark
          Apristurus manis -- Ghost Catshark
          Apristurus microps -- Smalleye Catshark
          Apristurus micropterygeus -- Smalldorsal Catshark
          Apristurus nasutus -- Largenose Catshark
          Apristurus parvipinnis -- Smallfin Catshark
          Apristurus platyrhynchus -- Spatulasnout Catshark
          Apristurus profundorum -- Deepwater or Deepsea Catshark -- [ csrl ]
          Apristurus riveri -- Broadgill Catshark
          Apristurus saldanha -- Saldanha Catshark
          Apristurus sibogae -- Pale Catshark
          Apristurus sinensis -- South China Catshark
          Apristurus spongiceps -- Spongehead Catshark
          Apristurus stenseni -- Panama Ghost Catshark
          Apristurus verweyi -- Borneo Catshark

        Asymbolus

          Asymbolus analis -- Australian Spotted Catshark
          Asymbolus funebris --
          Asymbolus occiduus -- Western Spotted Catshark
          Asymbolus pallidus -- Pale Spotted Catshark
          Asymbolus parvus --
          Asymbolus rubiginosus --
          Asymbolus submaculatus -- Variegated Catshark
          Asymbolus vincenti -- Gulf Catshark

        Atelomycterus

          Atelomycterus fasciatus -- Banded Sand Catshark
          Atelomycterus macleayi -- Australian Marbled Catshark -- [ atlas ]
          Atelomycterus marmoratus -- Coral Catshark

        Aulohalaelurus

          Aulohalaelurus kanakorum -- New Caledonia Catshark
          Aulohalaelurus labiosus -- Australian Blackspotted Catshark

        Cephaloscyllium

          Cephaloscyllium fasciatum -- Reticulated Swellshark
          Cephaloscyllium isabellum -- Draughtsboard Shark
          Cephaloscyllium laticeps -- Australian Swellshark
          Cephaloscyllium nascione -- Whitefinned Swellshark
          Cephaloscyllium silasi -- Indian Swellshark
          Cephaloscyllium sufflans -- Balloon Shark
          Cephaloscyllium umbratile -- Blotchy Swellshark
          Cephaloscyllium ventriosum -- Swellshark -- [ Martin ]

        Cephalurus

          Cephalurus cephalus -- Lollipop Catshark

        Galeus

          Galeus antillensis --
          Galeus arae -- Roughtail Catshark
          Galeus atlanticus -- Atlantic Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus boardmani -- Australian Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus cadenati -- Longfin Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus eastmani -- Gecko Catshark
          Galeus gracilis -- Slender Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus longirostris -- Longnose Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus melastomus -- Blackmouth Catshark -- [ strust ]
          Galeus murinus -- Mouse Catshark
          Galeus nipponensis -- Broadfin Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus piperatus -- Peppered Catshark
          Galeus polli -- African Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus sauteri -- Blacktip Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus schultzi -- Dwarf Sawtail Catshark
          Galeus springeri -- Springer's Sawtail Catshark

        Halaelurus

          Halaelurus alcocki -- Arabian Catshark
          Halaelurus boesemani -- Speckled Catshark
          Halaelurus buergeri -- Blackspotted Catshark
          Halaelurus canescens -- Dusky Catshark
          Halaelurus clevai -- Broadhead Catshark
          Halaelurus dawsoni -- New Zealand Catshark
          Halaelurus hispidus -- Bristly Catshark
          Halaelurus immaculatus -- Spotless Catshark
          Halaelurus lineatus -- Lined Catshark
          Halaelurus lutarius -- Mud Catshark
          Halaelurus natalensis -- Tiger Catshark
          Halaelurus quagga -- Quagga Catshark

        Haploblepharus

          Haploblepharus edwardsii -- Puffadder Shyshark
          Haploblepharus fuscus -- Brown Shyshark
          Haploblepharus pictus -- Dark Shyshark

        Holohalaelurus

          Holohalaelurus punctatus -- African Spotted Catshark
          Holohalaelurus regani -- Izak Catshark

        Parmaturus

          Parmaturus campechiensis -- Campeche Catshark
          Parmaturus macmillani -- McMillan's Catshark
          Parmaturus melanobranchius -- Blackgill Catshark
          Parmaturus pilosus -- Salamander Shark
          Parmaturus xaniurus -- Filetail Catshark -- [ mbay ]

        Pentanchus

          Pentanchus profundicolus -- Onefin Catshark

        Poroderma

          Poroderma africanum -- Striped Catshark
          Poroderma pantherinum -- Leopard Catshark

        Schroederichthys

          Schroederichthys bivius -- Narrowmouthed Catshark
          Schroederichthys chilensis -- Redspotted Catshark
          Schroederichthys maculatus -- Narrowtail Catshark
          Schroederichthys tenuis -- Slender Catshark

        Scyliorhinus

          Scyliorhinus besnardi -- Polkadot Catshark
          Scyliorhinus boa -- Boa Catshark
          Scyliorhinus canicula -- Smallspotted Catshark -- [ strust ]
          Scyliorhinus capensis -- Yellowspotted Catshark
          Scyliorhinus cervigoni -- West African Catshark
          Scyliorhinus comoroensis -- Comoro Catshark
          Scyliorhinus garmani -- Brownspotted Catshark
          Scyliorhinus haeckelii -- Freckled Catshark
          Scyliorhinus hesperius -- Whitesaddled Catshark
          Scyliorhinus meadi -- Blotched Catshark
          Scyliorhinus retifer -- Chain Dogfish or Catshark -- [ Martin ]
          Scyliorhinus stellaris -- Nursehound -- [ strust ]
          Scyliorhinus tokubee -- Izu Catshark
          Scyliorhinus torazame -- Cloudy Catshark
          Scyliorhinus torrei -- Dwarf Catshark

        Proscylliidae -- Finback Catsharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 4 genera, 6 species

        Ctenacis

          Ctenacis fehlmanni -- Harlequin Catshark

        Eridacnis

          Eridacnis barbouri -- Cuban Ribbontail Catshark
          Eridacnis radcliffei -- Pygmy Ribbontail Catshark
          Eridacnis sinuans -- African Ribbontail Catshark

        Gollum

          Gollum attenuatus -- Slender Smooth-hound

        Proscyllium

          Proscyllium habereri -- Graceful Catshark

        Pseudotriakidae -- False Catshark -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Pseudotriakis

          Pseudotriakis microdon -- False Catshark -- [ Martin ]

        Leptochariidae -- Barbeled Houndsharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Leptocharias

          Leptocharias smithii -- Barbeled Houndshark

        Triakidae -- Houndsharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 9 genera, 38 species

        Furgaleus

          Furgaleus macki -- Whiskery Shark -- [ fao ]

        Galeorhinus

          Galeorhinus galeus -- School or Tope Shark -- [ strust | fao ]

        Gogolia

          Gogolia filewoodi --

        Hemitriakis

          Hemitriakis abdita -- Deepwater Sicklefin Hound Shark
          Hemitriakis falcata -- Sicklefin Hound Shark
          Hemitriakis japanica --
          Hemitriakis leucoperiptera --

        Hypogaleus

          Hypogaleus hyugaensis --

        Iago

          Iago garricki --
          Iago omanensis --

        Mustelus

          Mustelus antarcticus -- Gummy Shark -- [ austmus ]
          Mustelus asterias -- Starry Smoothhound -- [ strust ]
          Mustelus californicus --
          Mustelus canis -- Smooth Dogfish -- [ csrl ]
          Mustelus dorsalis -- Sharptooth Smoothhound
          Mustelus fasciatus -- Striped Smoothhound
          Mustelus griseus -- Spotless Smoothhound
          Mustelus henlei --
          Mustelus higmani -- Smalleye Smoothhound
          Mustelus lenticulatus -- Spotted Estuary Smoothhound
          Mustelus lunulatus -- Sicklefin Smoothhound
          Mustelus manazo -- Starspotted Smoothhound
          Mustelus mento -- Speckled Smoothhound
          Mustelus minicanis --
          Mustelus mosis -- Arabian Smoothhound
          Mustelus mustelus -- Smoothhound -- [ strust ]
          Mustelus norrisi -- Narrowfin Smoothhound
          Mustelus palumbes -- Whitespotted Smoothhound
          Mustelus punctulatus -- Blackspotted Smoothhound -- [ strust ]
          Mustelus schmitti -- Narrownose Smoothhound -- [ fao ]
          Mustelus sinusmexicanus --
          Mustelus whitneyi -- Humpback Smoothhound

        Scylliogaleus

          Scylliogaleus quecketti --

        Triakis

          Triakis acutipinna --
          Triakis maculata --
          Triakis megalopterus -- Sharptooth Houndshark
          Triakis scyllium --
          Triakis semifasciata -- Leopard Shark -- [ mbay | Martin | atlas | fao ]

        Hemigaleidae -- Weasel Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 4 genera, 7 species

        Chaenogaleus

          Chaenogaleus macrostoma -- Hooktooth Shark

        Hemigaleus

          Hemigaleus microstoma -- Sicklefin Weasel Shark

        Hemipristis

          Hemipristis elongatus -- Snaggletooth Shark

        Paragaleus

          Paragaleus leucolomatus -- Whitetip Weasel Shark
          Paragaleus pectoralis -- Atlantic Weasel Shark
          Paragaleus randalli -- Slender Weasel Shark
          Paragaleus tengi -- Straight-tooth Weasel Shark

        Carcharhinidae -- Requiem Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 12 genera, 51 species

        Carcharhinus

          Carcharhinus acronotus -- Blacknose Shark
          Carcharhinus albimarginatus -- Silvertip Shark -- [ Martin ]
          Carcharhinus altimus -- Bignose Shark -- [ strust ]
          Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides -- Graceful Shark
          Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos -- Grey Reef Shark -- [ Martin | ummz ]
          Carcharhinus amboinensis -- Pigeye Shark
          Carcharhinus borneensis -- Borneo Shark
          Carcharhinus brachyurus -- Copper Shark -- [ strust ]
          Carcharhinus brevipinna -- Spinner Shark -- [ strust ]
          Carcharhinus cautus -- Nervous Shark
          Carcharhinus dussumieri -- Whitecheek Shark
          Carcharhinus falciformis -- Silky Shark -- [ Martin | strust | fao ]
          Carcharhinus fitzroyensis -- Creek Whaler
          Carcharhinus galapagensis -- Galapagos Shark
          Carcharhinus hemiodon -- Pondicherry Shark
          Carcharhinus isodon -- Finetooth Shark
          Carcharhinus leiodon -- Smooth-tooth Blacktip Shark
          Carcharhinus leucas -- Bull Shark -- [ austmus | Martin | strust ]
          Carcharhinus limbatus -- Blacktip Shark -- [ fda | Martin | strust | ummz ]
          Carcharhinus longimanus -- Oceanic Whitetip -- [ csrl | Martin | strust | ummz ]
          Carcharhinus macloti -- Hardnose Shark
          Carcharhinus melanopterus -- Blacktip Reef Shark -- [ fda | strust ]
          Carcharhinus obscurus -- Dusky Shark -- [ csrl | strust | fao ]
          Carcharhinus perezi -- Caribbean Reef Shark
          Carcharhinus plumbeus -- Sandbar Shark -- [ fao | strust ]
          Carcharhinus porosus -- Smalltail Shark
          Carcharhinus sealei -- Blackspot Shark
          Carcharhinus signatus -- Night Shark -- [ fao ]
          Carcharhinus sorrah -- Spottail Shark
          Carcharhinus tilstoni -- Australian Blacktip Shark

        Galeocerdo

          Galeocerdo cuvier -- Tiger Shark -- [ Martin | strust | ummz ]

        Glyphis

          Glyphis gangeticus -- Ganges Shark
          Glyphis glyphisSpeartooth Shark
          Glyphis siamensis -- Irrawaddy River Shark

        Isogomphodon

          Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus -- Daggernose Shark

        Lamiopsis

          Lamiopsis temmincki -- Broadfin Shark

        Loxodon

          Loxodon macrorhinus -- Sliteye Shark

        Nasolamia

          Nasolamia velox -- Whitenose Shark

        Negaprion

          Negaprion acutidens -- Sicklefin Lemon Shark
          Negaprion brevirostris -- Lemon Shark -- [ Martin ]

        Prionace

          Prionace glauca -- Blue Shark -- [ austmus | csrl | Martin | strust | ummz | fao ]

        Rhizoprionodon

          Rhizoprionodon acutus -- Milk Shark -- [ strust ]
          Rhizoprionodon lalandei -- Brazilian Sharpnose Shark
          Rhizoprionodon longurio -- Pacific Sharpnose Shark
          Rhizoprionodon oligolinx -- Grey Sharpnose Shark
          Rhizoprionodon porosus -- Caribbean Sharpnose Shark
          Rhizoprionodon taylori -- Australian Sharpnose Shark
          Rhizoprionodon terraenovae -- Atlantic Sharpnose Shark -- [ csrl ]

        Scoliodon

          Scoliodon laticaudus -- Spadenose Shark

        Triaenodon

          Triaenodon obesus -- Whitetip Reef Shark

        Sphyrnidae -- Bonnet- or Hammerhead Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 2 genera, 9 Spp.

        Eusphyra

          Eusphyra blochii -- Winghead Shark

        Sphyrna

          Sphyrna corona -- Scalloped Bonnethead
          Sphyrna couardi -- Whitefin Hammerhead
          Sphyrna lewini -- Scalloped Hammerhead -- [ Martin | strust | fao ]
          Sphyrna media -- Scoophead
          Sphyrna mokarran -- Great Hammerhead -- [ strust | ummz ]
          Sphyrna tiburo -- Bonnethead -- [ ummz ]
          Sphyrna tudes -- Smalleye Hammerhead
          Sphyrna zygaena -- Smooth Hammerhead -- [ csrl | strust ]

      Squaliformes -- [ Martin ]

        Dalatiidae -- (Sleeper Sharks) -- 16 genera, 68 species

        Aculeola

          Aculeola nigra -- Hooktooth Dogfish

        Centroscyllium

          Centroscyllium excelsum -- Highfin Dogfish
          Centroscyllium fabricii -- Black Dogfish -- [ csrl ]
          Centroscyllium granulatum -- Granular Dogfish
          Centroscyllium kamoharai -- Bareskin Dogfish
          Centroscyllium nigrum -- Combtooth Dogfish
          Centroscyllium ornatum -- Ornate Dogfish
          Centroscyllium ritteri -- Whitefin Dogfish

        Centroscymnus

          Centroscymnus coelolepis -- Portuguese Dogfish -- [ csrl ]
          Centroscymnus crepidater -- Longnose Velvet Dogfish
          Centroscymnus cryptacanthus -- Shortnose Velvet Dogfish
          Centroscymnus macracanthus -- Largespine Velvet Dogfish
          Centroscymnus owstoni -- Roughskin Dogfish
          Centroscymnus plunketi -- Plunket Shark

        Dalatias

          Dalatias licha -- Kitefin Shark -- [ strust ]

        Etmopterus

          Etmopterus baxteri -- New Zealand Lanternshark
          Etmopterus bigelowi -- Blurred Smooth Lanternshark
          Etmopterus brachyurus -- Shorttail Lanternshark
          Etmopterus bullisi -- Lined Lanternshark
          Etmopterus carteri -- Cylindrical Lanternshark
          Etmopterus compagnoi --
          Etmopterus decacuspidatus -- Combtooth Lanternshark
          Etmopterus gracilispinis -- Broadbanded Lanternshark
          Etmopterus granulosus -- Southern Lanternshark
          Etmopterus hillianus -- Caribbean Lanternshark
          Etmopterus litvinovi -- Smalleye Lanternshark
          Etmopterus lucifer -- Blackbelly Lanternshark
          Etmopterus molleri -- Slendertail Lanternshark
          Etmopterus perryi -- Dwarf Lanternshark -- [ Martin ]
          Etmopterus polli -- African Lanternshark
          Etmopterus princeps -- Great Lanternshark or Rough Sagre -- [ csrl ]
          Etmopterus pusillus -- Smooth Lanternshark
          Etmopterus pycnolepis -- Dense-scale Lanternshark
          Etmopterus robinsi --
          Etmopterus schultzi -- Fringfin Lanternshark
          Etmopterus sentosus -- Thorny Lanternshark
          Etmopterus spinax -- Velvet Belly Lanternshark -- [ strust ]
          Etmopterus splendidus -- Splendid Lanternshark
          Etmopterus unicolor -- Brown Lanternshark
          Etmopterus villosus -- Hawaiian Lanternshark
          Etmopterus virens -- Green Lanternshark

        Euprotomicroides

          Euprotomicroides zantedeschia -- Taillight Shark

        Euprotomicrus

          Euprotomicrus bispinatus -- Pygmy Shark

        Heteroscymnoides

          Heteroscymnoides marleyi -- Longnose Pygmy Shark

        Isistius -- [ Roesch ]

          Isistius brasiliensis -- Cookiecutter Shark -- [ austmus | strust | ummz ]
          Isistius plutodus -- Largetooth Cookiecutter Shark

        Miroscyllium

          Miroscyllium sheikoi -- Rasptooth Dogfish

        Mollisquama

          Mollisquama parini -- Pocket Shark

        Oxynotus

          Oxynotus bruniensis -- Prickly Dogfish -- [ austmus ]
          Oxynotus caribbaeus -- Caribbean Roughshark
          Oxynotus centrina -- Angular Roughshark -- [ strust ]
          Oxynotus japonicus -- Japanese Roughshark
          Oxynotus paradoxus -- Sailfin Roughshark

        Scymnodalatias

          Scymnodalatias albicauda -- Whitetail Dogfish
          Scymnodalatias garricki -- Azores Dogfish
          Scymnodalatias oligodon -- Sparsetooth Dogfish
          Scymnodalatias sherwoodi -- Sherwood Dogfish

        Scymnodon

          Scymnodon ichiharai -- Japanese Velvet Dogfish
          Scymnodon obscurus -- Smallmouth Velvet Dogfish
          Scymnodon ringens -- Knifetooth Dogfish
          Scymnodon squamulosus -- Velvet Dogfish

        Somniosus

          Somniosus antarcticus --
          Somniosus microcephalus -- Greenland Shark -- [ csrl | Ellis | fao ]
          Somniosus pacificus -- Pacific Sleeper Shark -- [ noaa ]
          Somniosus rostratus -- Little Sleeper Shark -- [ strust ]

        Squaliolus

          Squaliolus aliae -- Smalleye Pygmy Shark
          Squaliolus laticaudus -- Spined Pygmy Shark

        Trigonognathus

          Trigonognathus kabeyai -- Viper Dogfish

        Centrophoridae -- 2 genera, 15 species

        Centrophorus

          Centrophorus acus -- Needle Dogfish
          Centrophorus atromarginatus -- Dwarf Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus granulosus -- Gulper Shark -- [ strust ]
          Centrophorus harrissoni -- Dumb Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus isodon -- Blackfin Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus lusitanicus -- Lowfin Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus moluccensis -- Smallfin Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus niaukang -- Taiwan Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus squamosus -- Leafscale Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus tessellatus -- Mosaic Gulper Shark
          Centrophorus uyato -- Little Gulper Shark -- [ strust ]

        Deania

          Deania calcea -- Birdbeak Dogfish
          Deania hystricosum -- Rough Longnose Dogfish
          Deania profundorum -- Arrowhead Dogfish
          Deania quadrispinosum -- Longsnout Dogfish

        Squalidae -- Dogfish Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 11 species

        Cirrhigaleus

          Cirrhigaleus asper -- Roughskin Spurdog
          Cirrhigaleus barbifer -- Mandarin Dogfish

        Squalus

          Squalus acanthias -- Spiny or Piked Dogfish -- [ nmfs | csrl | | strust | ummz | fao ]
          Squalus acutirostris --
          Squalus blainvillei -- Longnose Spurdog -- [ strust ]
          Squalus cubensis -- Cuban Dogfish
          Squalus japonicus -- Japanese Spurdog
          Squalus megalops -- Shortnose Spurdog
          Squalus melanurus -- Blacktailed Spurdog
          Squalus mitsukurii -- Shortspine Spurdog
          Squalus rancureli -- Cyrano Spurdog

        Echinorhinidae -- Bramble Sharks -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 1 genus, 2 species

        Echinorhinus

          Echinorhinus brucus -- Bramble Shark -- [ strust ]
          Echinorhinus cookei -- Prickly Shark -- [ Mollet ]


      Pristiophoriformes -- [ Martin ]

        Pristiophoridae -- Saw Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 5 species

        Pliotrema

          Pliotrema warreni -- Sixgill Sawshark

        Pristiophorus

          Pristiophorus cirratus -- Longnose Sawshark
          Pristiophorus japonicus -- Japanese Sawshark
          Pristiophorus nudipinnis -- Shortnose Sawshark
          Pristiophorus schroederi -- Bahamas Sawshark

      Squatiniformes -- [ Martin ]

        Squatinidae -- Angel Sharks -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 16 species

        Squatina

          Squatina aculeata -- Sawback Angelshark -- [ strust ]
          Squatina africana -- African Angelshark
          Squatina argentina -- Argentine Angelshark
          Squatina armata --
          Squatina australis -- Australian Angelshark
          Squatina californica -- Pacific Angelshark
          Squatina dumeril -- Sand Devil
          Squatina formosa -- Taiwan Angelshark
          Squatina guggenheim -- Angular Angel Shark
          Squatina japonica -- Japanese Angelshark
          Squatina nebulosa -- Clouded Angelshark
          Squatina occulta -- Hidden Angel Shark
          Squatina oculata -- Smoothback Angelshark -- [ strust ]
          Squatina squatina -- Angelshark -- [ strust | fao ]
          Squatina tergocellata -- Ornate Angelshark
          Squatina tergocellatoides -- Ocellated Angelshark

      Pristiformes -- [ Martin ]

        Pristidae -- Sawfishes -- [ FishBase | Nokogiri ] -- 2 genera, 7 species

        Anoxypristis

          Anoxypristis cuspidata -- Knifetooth Sawfish

        Pristis

          Pristis clavata -- Dwarf Sawfish
          Pristis microdon -- Largetooth Sawfish
          Pristis pectinata -- Smalltooth Sawfish
          Pristis perotteti -- Largetooth Sawfish
          Pristis pristis -- Common Sawfish
          Pristis zijsron -- Longcomb Sawfish

      Torpediniformes -- [ Martin ]

        Torpedinidae -- Electric Rays -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 19 species

          Torpedininae

          Torpedo

            Torpedo alexandrinsis -- Alexandrine Torpedo
            Torpedo andersoni -- Florida Torpedo
            Torpedo bauchotae -- Rosette Torpedo
            Torpedo californica -- Pacific Electric Ray
            Torpedo fairchildi -- New Zealand Torpedo
            Torpedo fuscomaculata -- Black-spotted Torpedo
            Torpedo mackayana -- Ringed Torpedo
            Torpedo macneilli -- Short-tail Torpedo Ray
            Torpedo marmorata -- Spotted Torpedo
            Torpedo microdiscus -- Smalldisk Torpedo
            Torpedo nobiliana -- Atlantic Torpedo
            Torpedo panthera -- Panther Electric Ray
            Torpedo peruana -- Peruvian Torpedo
            Torpedo puelcha -- Argentine Torpedo
            Torpedo semipelagica -- Semipelagic Torpedo
            Torpedo sinuspersici -- Marbled Electric Ray
            Torpedo tokionis -- Trapezoid Torpedo
            Torpedo torpedo -- Common Torpedo

          Hypninae

          Hypnos

            Hypnos monopterygium -- Australian Numbfish -- [ austmus ]

        Narcinidae (Narkidae) -- [ FishBase ] -- 9 genera, 32 species

        Benthobatis

          Benthobatis marcida -- Blind Torpedo
          Benthobatis moresbyi -- Dark Blind Ray

        Crassinarke

          Crassinarke dormitor -- Sleeper Torpedo

        Diplobatis

          Diplobatis colombiensis --
          Diplobatis guamachensis --
          Diplobatis ommata -- Ocellated Electric Ray
          Diplobatis pictus -- Painted Electric Ray

        Discopyge

          Discopyge tschudii -- Apron Ray

        Heteronarce

          Heteronarce bentuvai -- Elat Electric Ray
          Heteronarce garmani -- Natal Electric Ray
          Heteronarce mollis -- Soft Electric Ray
          Heteronarce prabhui -- Quilon Electric Ray

        Narcine

          Narcine bancrofti --
          Narcine brasiliensis -- Brazilian Electric Ray
          Narcine brevilabiata -- Shortlip Electric Ray
          Narcine brunnea -- Brown Electric Ray
          Narcine entemedor -- Giant Electric Ray
          Narcine indica -- Indian Electric Ray
          Narcine lingula -- Rough Electric Ray
          Narcine maculata -- Dark-spotted Electric Ray
          Narcine prodorsalis -- Tonkin Electric Ray
          Narcine rierai -- Slender Electric Ray
          Narcine tasmaniensis -- Tasmanian Numbfish
          Narcine timlei -- Spotted Numbfish
          Narcine vermiculatus -- Vermiculate Electric Ray
          Narcine westraliensis -- Banded Numbfish

        Narke

          Narke capensis -- Cape Numbfish
          Narke dipterygia -- Numbray
          Narke japonica -- Japanese Spotted Torpedo

        Temera

          Temera hardwickii -- Finless Sleeper Ray

        Typhlonarke

          Typhlonarke aysoni -- Blind Legged Torpedo
          Typhlonarke tarakea -- Slender Legged Torpedo

      Rajiformes -- Skates and Rays -- [ aqua.org | Martin ]

        Rhinobatidae -- Guitarfishes -- [ FishBase | Martin ] -- 10 genera, 52 species

        Aptychotrema

          Aptychotrema bougainvillii -- Short-snouted Shovelnose Ray
          Aptychotrema rostrata -- Eastern Shovelnose Ray -- [ austmus ]
          Aptychotrema vincentiana -- Western Shovelnose Ray

        Platyrhina

          Platyrhina limboonkengi --
          Platyrhina sinensis --

        Platyrhinoidis -- [ FishBase ]

          Platyrhinoidis triseriata -- Thornback Guitarfish

        Rhina -- [ Martin ]

          Rhina ancylostoma -- Sharkfin Guitarfish or Shark Ray -- [ austmus ]

        Rhinobatos

          Rhinobatos albomaculatus -- White-spotted Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos annandalei -- Annandale's Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos annulatus --
          Rhinobatos blochii -- Bluntnose Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos cemiculus -- Blackchin Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos formosensis --
          Rhinobatos glaucostigmus --
          Rhinobatos granulatus -- Sharpnose Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos halavi --
          Rhinobatos holcorhynchus --
          Rhinobatos horkelii -- Brazilian Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos hynnicephalus --
          Rhinobatos irvinei -- Spineback Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos lentiginosus --
          Rhinobatos leucorhynchus -- Whitesnout Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos leucospilus -- Grayspottted Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos lionotus -- Smoothback Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos microphthalmus -- Smalleyed Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos obtusus --
          Rhinobatos ocellatus --
          Rhinobatos percellens --
          Rhinobatos petiti -- Madagascar Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos planiceps --
          Rhinobatos prahli --
          Rhinobatos productus -- Shovelnose Guitarfish -- [ mbay ]
          Rhinobatos punctifer --
          Rhinobatos rhinobatos --
          Rhinobatos salalah --
          Rhinobatos schlegelii --
          Rhinobatos spinosus --
          Rhinobatos thouin --
          Rhinobatos typus -- Giant Shovelnose Ray
          Rhinobatos variegatus -- Stripenose Guitarfish
          Rhinobatos zanzibarensis --

        Rhynchobatus

          Rhynchobatus australiae -- White-spotted Shovelnose Ray
          Rhynchobatus djiddensis -- White-spotted Guitarfish -- [ austmus ]
          Rhynchobatus laevis -- Smooth Nose Wedgefish
          Rhynchobatus luebberti --

        Tarsistes

          Tarsistes philippi --

        Trygonorrhina -- Fiddler Rays -- [ austmus ]

          Trygonorrhina fasciata --
          Trygonorrhina melaleuca --

        Zanobatus

          Zanobatus schoenleinii --

        Zapteryx

          Zapteryx brevirostris --
          Zapteryx exasperata --
          Zapteryx xyster --

        Rajidae -- Skates -- [ FishBase | nfms ] -- 25 genera, 224 species

        Amblyraja

          Amblyraja badia -- Broad Skate
          Amblyraja doellojuradoi -- Southern Thorny Skate
          Amblyraja frerichsi -- Thickbody Skate
          Amblyraja georgiana -- Antarctic Starry Skate
          Amblyraja hyperborea -- Arctic Skate
          Amblyraja jenseni -- Jensen's Skate
          Amblyraja radiata -- Thorny Skate
          Amblyraja reversa -- Reversed Skate
          Amblyraja robertsi -- Bigmouth Skate
          Amblyraja taaf -- Whiteleg Skate
          Arhynchobatis asperrimus -- Longtail Skate

        Atlantoraja

          Atlantoraja castelnaui -- Spotback Skate
          Atlantoraja cyclophora -- Eyespot Skate
          Atlantoraja platana -- La Plata Skate

        Bathyraja

          Bathyraja abyssicola -- Deepsea Skate
          Bathyraja aguja -- Aguja Skate
          Bathyraja albomaculata -- White-dotted Skate
          Bathyraja aleutica -- Aleutian Skate
          Bathyraja andriashevi -- Little-eyed Skate
          Bathyraja bergi -- Bottom Skate
          Bathyraja brachyurops -- Broadnose Skate
          Bathyraja caeluronigricans -- Purple-black Skate
          Bathyraja diplotaenia -- Dusky-pink Skate
          Bathyraja eatonii -- Eaton's Skate
          Bathyraja fedorovi -- Cinnamon Skate
          Bathyraja griseocauda -- Graytail Skate
          Bathyraja hesperafricana -- West African Skate
          Bathyraja interrupta -- Sandpaper Skate
          Bathyraja irrasa -- Kerguelen Sandpaper Skate
          Bathyraja isotrachys -- Raspback Skate
          Bathyraja lindbergi -- Commander Skate
          Bathyraja longicauda -- Slimtail Skate
          Bathyraja maccaini -- McCain's Skate
          Bathyraja macloviana -- Patagonian Skate
          Bathyraja maculata -- White-blotched Skate
          Bathyraja magellanica -- Magellan Skate
          Bathyraja matsubarai -- Dusky-purple Skate
          Bathyraja meridionalis -- Dark-belly Skate
          Bathyraja minispinosa -- Smallthorn Skate
          Bathyraja multispinis -- Multispine Skate
          Bathyraja murrayi -- Murray's Skate
          Bathyraja notoroensis -- Notoro Skate
          Bathyraja pallida -- Pale Ray
          Bathyraja papilionifera -- Butterfly Skate
          Bathyraja parmifera -- Alaska Skate
          Bathyraja peruana -- Peruvian Skate
          Bathyraja pseudoisotrachys --
          Bathyraja richardsoni -- Richardson's Ray
          Bathyraja scaphiops -- Cuphead Skate
          Bathyraja schroederi -- Whitemouth Skate
          Bathyraja shuntovi -- Narrownose Skate
          Bathyraja simoterus -- Hokkaido Skate
          Bathyraja smirnovi -- Golden Skate
          Bathyraja smithii -- African Softnose Skate
          Bathyraja spinicauda -- Spinetail Ray
          Bathyraja spinosissima -- White Skate
          Bathyraja trachouros -- Eremo Skate
          Bathyraja trachura -- Roughtail Skate
          Bathyraja tzinovskii -- Creamback Skate
          Bathyraja violacea -- Okhotsk Skate

        Breviraja

          Breviraja claramaculata -- Brightspot Skate
          Breviraja colesi -- Lightnose Skate
          Breviraja marklei -- Nova Scotia Skate
          Breviraja mouldi -- Blacknose Skate
          Breviraja nigriventralis -- Blackbelly Skate
          Breviraja spinosa -- Spinose Skate

        Cruriraja

          Cruriraja andamanica -- Andaman Leg Skate
          Cruriraja atlantis -- Atlantic Leg Skate
          Cruriraja cadenati -- Broadfoot Leg Skate
          Cruriraja durbanensis -- Smooth Nose Leg Skate
          Cruriraja parcomaculata -- Roughnose Legskate
          Cruriraja poeyi -- Cuban Leg Skate
          Cruriraja rugosa -- Rough Leg Skate
          Cruriraja triangularis -- Triangular Legskate

        Dactylobatus

          Dactylobatus armatus -- Skilletskate
          Dactylobatus clarki -- Hookskate

        Dipturus

          Dipturus batis -- Blue Skate
          Dipturus bullisi -- Bullis Skate
          Dipturus campbelli -- Blackspot Skate
          Dipturus chilensis -- Yellownose Skate
          Dipturus crosnieri -- Madagascar Skate
          Dipturus doutrei -- Violet Skate
          Dipturus ecuadoriensis -- Ecuador Skate
          Dipturus garricki -- San Blas Skate
          Dipturus gigas -- Giant Skate
          Dipturus gudgeri -- Bight Skate
          Dipturus innominatus -- New Zealand Smooth Skate
          Dipturus johannisdavisi -- Travancore Skate
          Dipturus kwangtungensis -- Kwangtung Skate
          Dipturus laevis -- Barndoor Skate
          Dipturus lanceorostratus -- Rattail Skate
          Dipturus leptocaudus -- Thintail Skate
          Dipturus linteus -- Sailray
          Dipturus macrocaudus -- Bigtail Skate
          Dipturus nasutus -- New Zealand Rough Skate
          Dipturus nidarosiensis -- Norwegian Skate
          Dipturus olseni -- Spreadfin Skate
          Dipturus oregoni -- Hooktail Skate
          Dipturus oxyrinchus -- Longnosed Skate
          Dipturus pullopunctatus -- Slime Skate
          Dipturus springeri -- Roughbelly Skate
          Dipturus stenorhynchus -- Prow-nose Skate
          Dipturus teevani -- Prickly Brown Ray
          Dipturus tengu -- Acutenose Skate
          Dipturus trachydermus --

        Fenestraja

          Fenestraja atripinna -- Blackfin Pygmy Skate
          Fenestraja cubensis -- Cuban Pygmy Skate
          Fenestraja ishiyamai -- Plain Pygmy Skate
          Fenestraja maceachrani -- Madagascar Pygmy Skate
          Fenestraja mamillidens -- Prickly Skate
          Fenestraja plutonia -- Pluto Skate
          Fenestraja sibogae -- Siboga Pygmy Skate
          Fenestraja sinusmexicanus -- Gulf of Mexico Pygmy Skate

        Gurgesiella

          Gurgesiella atlantica -- Atlantic Pygmy Skate
          Gurgesiella dorsalifera -- Onefin Skate
          Gurgesiella furvescens -- Dusky Finless Skate

        Irolita

          Irolita waitii -- Southern Round Skate

        Leucoraja

          Leucoraja circularis -- Sandy Ray
          Leucoraja compagnoi -- Tigertail Skate
          Leucoraja erinacea -- Little Skate
          Leucoraja fullonica -- Shagreen Ray
          Leucoraja garmani -- Freckled Skate
          Leucoraja lentiginosa -- Speckled Skate
          Leucoraja leucosticta -- Whitedappled Skate
          Leucoraja melitensis -- Maltese Ray
          Leucoraja naevus -- Cuckoo Ray
          Leucoraja ocellata -- Winter Skate
          Leucoraja wallacei -- Yellowspotted Skate
          Leucoraja yucatanensis -- Yucatan Skate

        Malacoraja

          Malacoraja kreffti -- Krefft's Ray
          Malacoraja senta -- Smooth Skate
          Malacoraja spinacidermis -- Roughskin Skate

        Neoraja

          Neoraja africana -- West African Pygmy Skate
          Neoraja caerulea -- Blue Ray
          Neoraja carolinensis -- Carolina Pygmy Skate
          Neoraja stehmanni -- African Pygmy Skate

        Notoraja

          Notoraja asperula -- Prickly Deepsea Skate
          Notoraja laxipella -- Eastern Looseskin Skate
          Notoraja ochroderma -- Pale Skate
          Notoraja spinifera -- Spiny Deepsea Skate
          Notoraja subtilispinosa -- Velvet Skate
          Notoraja tobitukai -- Leadhued Skate

        Okamejei

          Okamejei acutispina -- Sharpspine Skate
          Okamejei australis -- Sydney Skate
          Okamejei boesemani -- Black Sand Skate
          Okamejei cerva -- White-spotted Skate
          Okamejei heemstrai -- East African Skate
          Okamejei hollandi -- Yellow-spotted Skate
          Okamejei kenojei -- Ocellate Spot Skate
          Okamejei lemprieri -- Australian Thornback Skate
          Okamejei meerdervoortii -- Bigeye Skate
          Okamejei pita -- Pita Skate
          Okamejei powelli -- Indian Ringed Skate
          Okamejei schmidti -- Browneye Skate

        Pavoraja

          Pavoraja alleni -- Allens Skate
          Pavoraja nitida -- Peacock Skate

        Psammobatis

          Psammobatis bergi -- Blotched Sand Skate
          Psammobatis extenta -- Zipper Sand Skate
          Psammobatis lentiginosa -- Freckled Sand Skate
          Psammobatis normani -- Shortfin Sand Skate
          Psammobatis parvacauda -- Smalltail Sand Skate
          Psammobatis rudis -- Smallthorn Sand Skate
          Psammobatis rutrum -- Spade Sand Skate
          Psammobatis scobina -- Raspthorn Sand Skate

        Pseudoraja

          Pseudoraja fischeri -- Fanfin Skate

        Raja

          Raja ackleyi -- Ocellate Skate
          Raja africana -- African Ray
          Raja asterias -- Starry Ray
          Raja bahamensis -- Bahama Skate
          Raja binoculata -- Big Skate -- [ mbay ]
          Raja brachyura -- Blonde Ray
          Raja cervigoni -- Finspot Ray
          Raja clavata -- Thornback Ray
          Raja cortezensis -- Cortez' Ray
          Raja eglanteria -- Clearnose Skate
          Raja equatorialis -- Ecuatorial Ray
          Raja flavirostris --
          Raja herwigi -- Cape Verde Skate
          Raja inornata -- California Ray
          Raja koreana -- Korean Skate
          Raja maderensis -- Madeiran Ray
          Raja microocellata -- Small-eyed Ray
          Raja miraletus -- Brown Ray
          Raja montagui -- Spotted Ray
          Raja polyommata -- Argus Skate
          Raja polystigma -- Speckled Ray
          Raja pulchra -- Mottled Skate
          Raja radula -- Rough Ray
          Raja rhina -- Longnose Skate
          Raja rondeleti -- Rondelet's Ray
          Raja rouxi --
          Raja stellulata -- Starry Skate
          Raja straeleni -- Biscuit Skate
          Raja texana -- Roundel Skate
          Raja undulata -- Undulate Ray
          Raja velezi -- Velez Ray
          Raja whitleyi -- Wedgenose Skate

        Rajella

          Rajella annandalei -- Indonesian Round Skate
          Rajella barnardi -- Bigthorn Skate
          Rajella bathyphila -- Deepwater Ray
          Rajella bigelowi -- Bigelow's Ray
          Rajella caudaspinosa -- Munchkin Skate
          Rajella dissimilis -- Ghost Skate
          Rajella eisenhardti --
          Rajella fuliginea -- Sooty Skate
          Rajella fyllae -- Round Ray
          Rajella kukujevi -- Mid-Atlantic Skate
          Rajella leopardus -- Leopard Skate
          Rajella nigerrima -- Blackish Skate
          Rajella purpuriventralis -- Purplebelly Skate
          Rajella ravidula -- Smoothback Skate
          Rajella sadowskii -- Brazilian Skate
          Rhinoraja kujiensis -- Dapple-bellied Softnose Skate

        Rhinoraja

          Rhinoraja longi -- Aleutian Dotted Skate
          Rhinoraja longicauda -- White-bellied Softnose Skate
          Rhinoraja obtusa -- Blunt Skate
          Rhinoraja odai -- Oda's Skate
          Rhinoraja taranetzi -- Mud Skate

        Rioraja

          Rioraja agassizii -- Rio Skate

        Rostroraja

          Rostroraja alba -- Bottlenosed Skate

        Sympterygia

          Sympterygia acuta -- Bignose Fanskate
          Sympterygia bonapartii -- Smallnose Fanskate
          Sympterygia brevicaudata -- Shorttail Fanskate
          Sympterygia lima -- Filetail Fanskate

        Anacanthobatidae -- Smooth Skates -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 10 species

        Anacanthobatis

          Anacanthobatis americanus -- American Legskate
          Anacanthobatis borneensis -- Borneo Leg Skate
          Anacanthobatis donghaiensis -- East China Leg Skate
          Anacanthobatis folirostris -- Leaf-nose Leg Skate
          Anacanthobatis longirostris -- Longnose Leg Skate
          Anacanthobatis marmoratus -- Spotted Legskate
          Anacanthobatis melanosoma -- Blackbodied Leg Skate
          Anacanthobatis nanhaiensis -- South China Leg Skate
          Anacanthobatis Ori -- Black Legskate
          Anacanthobatis stenosoma -- Narrow Leg Skate

        Plesiobatidae -- Deepwater Stingrays -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 1 species

        Plesiobatis

          Plesiobatis daviesi -- Deepwater Stingray

        Hexatrygonidae -- Sixgill Stingrays -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 4 species

        Hexatrygon

          Hexatrygon bickelli -- Sixgill Stingray
          Hexatrygon longirostra --
          Hexatrygon taiwanensis --
          Hexatrygon yangi --

        Dasyatidae -- Stingrays -- [ FishBase ] -- 6 genera, 69 species

        Dasyatis

          Dasyatis acutirostra --
          Dasyatis akajei -- Red Stingray
          Dasyatis americana -- Southern Stingray -- [ Martin | ummz ]
          Dasyatis annotata -- Plain Maskray
          Dasyatis bennetti -- Bennett's Stingray
          Dasyatis brevicaudata -- Short-tail or Smooth Stingray -- [ austmus ]
          Dasyatis brevis -- Whiptail Stingray
          Dasyatis centroura -- Roughtail Stingray
          Dasyatis chrysonota chrysonota -- Blue Stingray
          Dasyatis chrysonota marmorata -- Marbled Stingray
          Dasyatis dipterura -- Diamond Stingray
          Dasyatis fluviorum -- Estuary Stingray
          Dasyatis garouaensis -- Smooth Freshwater Stingray
          Dasyatis geijskesi -- Sharpsnout Stingray
          Dasyatis gigantea -- Giant Stumptail Stingray
          Dasyatis guttata -- Longnose Stingray
          Dasyatis izuensis -- Izu Stingray
          Dasyatis kuhlii -- Bluespotted Stingray
          Dasyatis laevigata -- Yantai Stingray
          Dasyatis laosensis -- Mekong Stingray
          Dasyatis lata -- Brown Stingray
          Dasyatis leylandi -- Painted Maskray
          Dasyatis longa -- Longtail Stingray
          Dasyatis margarita -- Daisy Stingray
          Dasyatis margaritella -- Pearl Stingray
          Dasyatis matsubarai -- Pitted Stingray
          Dasyatis microps -- Smalleye Stingray
          Dasyatis multispinosa -- Multispine Giant Stingray
          Dasyatis navarrae -- Blackish Stingray
          Dasyatis pastinaca -- Common Stingray
          Dasyatis rudis -- Smalltooth Stingray
          Dasyatis sabina -- Atlantic Stingray
          Dasyatis sayi -- Bluntnose Stingray
          Dasyatis sinensis -- Chinese Stingray
          Dasyatis thetidis -- Thorntail Stingray
          Dasyatis tortonesei -- Tortonese's Stingray
          Dasyatis ushiei -- Cow Stingray
          Dasyatis zugei -- Pale-edged Stingray

        Himantura

          Himantura alcocki -- Pale-spot Whipray
          Himantura bleekeri -- Bleeker's Whipray
          Himantura chaophraya -- Freshwater Whipray
          Himantura draco -- Dragon Stingray
          Himantura fai -- Pink Whipray
          Himantura fluviatilis -- Ganges Stingray
          Himantura gerrardi -- Sharpnose Stingray
          Himantura granulata -- Mangrove Whipray
          Himantura imbricata -- Scaly Whipray
          Himantura jenkinsii -- Pointed-nose Stingray
          Himantura krempfi -- Marbled Freshwater Whipray
          Himantura marginata -- Blackedge Whipray
          Himantura microphthalma -- Smalleye Whipray
          Himantura oxyrhyncha -- Marbled Whipray
          Himantura pacifica -- Pacific Chupare
          Himantura pareh --
          Himantura pastinacoides -- Round Whipray
          Himantura schmardae -- Chupare Stingray
          Himantura signifer -- White-edge Freshwater Whipray
          Himantura toshi -- Black-spotted Whipray
          Himantura uarnacoides -- Whitenose Whipray
          Himantura uarnak -- Honeycomb Stingray
          Himantura undulata -- Leopard Whipray -- [ austmus ]
          Himantura walga -- Dwarf Whipray

        Pastinachus

          Pastinachus sephen -- Cowtail Stingray

        Pteroplatytrygon

          Pteroplatytrygon violacea -- Pelagic Stingray -- [ Mollet ]

        Taeniura

          Taeniura grabata -- Round Stingray
          Taeniura lymma -- Blue-spotted Ribbontail or Fantail Ray -- [ austmus | atlas ]
          Taeniura meyeni -- Blotched Fantail Ray

        Urogymnus

          Urogymnus asperrimus -- Porcupine Ray
          Urogymnus ukpam -- Thorny Freshwater Stingray

        Gymnuridae -- Butterfly Rays -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 14 species

        Aetoplatea

          Aetoplatea tentaculata -- Tentacled Butterfly Ray
          Aetoplatea zonura -- Zonetail Butterfly Ray

        Gymnura

          Gymnura afuerae --
          Gymnura altavela -- Spiny Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura australis -- Australian Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura bimaculata -- Twin-spot Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura crebripunctata -- Longsnout Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura crooki --
          Gymnura hirundo -- Madeira Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura japonica -- Japanese Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura marmorata -- California Butterfly Ray
          Gymnura micrura --

        Myliobatidae -- [ Martin ] -- 7 genera, 43 species

          Myliobatinae -- Manta and Eagle Rays -- [ FishBase ]

          Aetobatus

            Aetobatus flagellum -- Longheaded Eagle Ray
            Aetobatus narinari -- White-spotted Eagle Ray -- [ austmus ]
            Aetobatus ocellatus --

          Aetomylaeus

            Aetomylaeus maculatus -- Mottled Eagle Ray
            Aetomylaeus milvus --
            Aetomylaeus nichofii -- Banded Eagle Ray
            Aetomylaeus vespertilio -- Ornate Eagle Ray

          Myliobatis

            Myliobatis aquila -- Common Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis australis -- Australian Bull Ray
            Myliobatis californica -- Bat Ray or Bat Eagle Ray -- [ mbay | ummz ]
            Myliobatis chilensis -- Chilean Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis freminvillii -- Bullnose Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis goodei -- Southern Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis hamlyni -- Purple Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis longirostris -- Snouted Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis peruvianus -- Peruvian Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis tenuicaudatus -- New Zealand Eagle Ray
            Myliobatis tobijei -- Japanese Eagle Ray

          Pteromylaeus

            Pteromylaeus asperrimus -- Rough Eagle Ray
            Pteromylaeus bovinus -- Bull Ray

          Rhinopterinae -- Cownose Rays

          Rhinoptera

            Rhinoptera adspersa -- Rough Cownose Ray
            Rhinoptera bonasus -- Cownose Ray
            Rhinoptera brasiliensis -- Ticon Cownose Ray
            Rhinoptera javanica -- Javanese Cownose Ray
            Rhinoptera jayakari -- Oman Cownose Ray
            Rhinoptera marginata -- Lusitanian Cownose Ray
            Rhinoptera neglecta -- Australian Cownose Ray -- [ austmus ]
            Rhinoptera steindachneri -- Pacific Cownose Ray

          Mobulinae -- Manta and Devil Rays -- [ FishBase ]

          Manta

            Manta birostris -- Giant Manta -- [ austmus | Martin | ummz ]
            Manta ehrenbergii --
            Manta raya --

          Mobula

            Mobula coilloti -- Greater Guinean Mobula
            Mobula diabola -- Devil Ray
            Mobula eregoodootenkee -- Pygmy Devil Ray
            Mobula hypostoma -- Lesser Devil Ray
            Mobula japanica -- Spinetail Mobula
            Mobula kuhlii -- Shortfin Devilray
            Mobula mobular -- Devil Fish
            Mobula munkiana -- Munk's Devil Ray
            Mobula rancureli --
            Mobula rochebrunei -- Lesser Guinean Devil Ray
            Mobula tarapacana -- Chilean Devil Ray
            Mobula thurstoni -- Smoothtail Mobula

        Urolophidae -- Round Rays -- [ FishBase ] -- 4 genera, 37 species

        Trygonoptera

          Trygonoptera mucosa -- Western Shovelnose Stingaree
          Trygonoptera ovalis --
          Trygonoptera personata --
          Trygonoptera testacea --

        Urobatis

          Urobatis concentricus -- Spot-on-spot Round Ray
          Urobatis (Urolophus)halleri -- California Stingray -- [ atlas ]
          Urobatis jamaicensis --
          Urobatis maculatus --
          Urobatis marmoratus -- Chilean Round Stingray
          Urobatis tumbesensis -- Tumbes Round Stingray

        Urolophus

          Urolophus armatus -- New Ireland Stingaree
          Urolophus aurantiacus --
          Urolophus bucculentus --
          Urolophus circularis --
          Urolophus cruciatus --
          Urolophus expansus --
          Urolophus flavomosaicus --
          Urolophus gigas --
          Urolophus javanicus --
          Urolophus kaianus --
          Urolophus lobatus --
          Urolophus mitosis --
          Urolophus orarius --
          Urolophus paucimaculatus -- Sparsely-spotted Stingaree
          Urolophus sufflavus -- Yellowback Stingaree
          Urolophus viridis --
          Urolophus westraliensis --

        Urotrygon

          Urotrygon aspidura -- Spiny-tail Round Ray
          Urotrygon chilensis --
          Urotrygon microphthalmum -- Smalleyed Round Stingray
          Urotrygon munda --
          Urotrygon nana --
          Urotrygon reticulata -- Reticulate Round Ray
          Urotrygon rogersi --
          Urotrygon serrula --
          Urotrygon simulatrix --
          Urotrygon venezuelae -- Venezuela Round Stingray

        Potamotrygonidae -- River Stingrays -- [ FishBase ] -- 3 genera, 18 species

        Paratrygon

          Paratrygon aiereba -- Discus Ray

        Plesiotrygon

          Plesiotrygon iwamae -- Long-tailed River Stingray
        Potamotrygon
          Potamotrygon brachyura -- Short-tailed River Stingray
          Potamotrygon castexi -- Vermiculate River Stingray
          Potamotrygon constellata -- Thorny River Stingray
          Potamotrygon falkneri -- Largespot River Stingray
          Potamotrygon henlei -- Bigtooth River Stingray
          Potamotrygon histrix -- Porcupine River Stingray
          Potamotrygon leopoldi -- White-blotched River Stingray
          Potamotrygon magdalenae -- Magdalena River Stingray
          Potamotrygon motoro -- Ocellate River Stingray
          Potamotrygon ocellata -- Red-blotched River Stingray
          Potamotrygon orbignyi -- Smooth Back River Stingray
          Potamotrygon schroederi -- Rosette River Stingray
          Potamotrygon schuehmacheri --
          Potamotrygon scobina -- Raspy River Stingray
          Potamotrygon signata -- Parnaiba River Stingray
          Potamotrygon yepezi -- Maracaibo River Stingray

    Holocephali

      Chimaeriformes -- [ Martin ]

        Callorhinchidae -- Plownose Chimaeras -- [ FishBase ] -- 1 genus, 3 species

        Callorhinchus

          Callorhinchus callorynchus -- Elephantfish
          Callorhinchus capensis -- Cape Elephantfish
          Callorhinchus milii -- Elephant Fish or Ghost Shark -- [ Martin ]

        Chimaeridae -- Chimaeras or Ratfishes -- [ FishBase ] -- 2 genera, 21 species

        Chimaera -- [ austmus ]

          Chimaera cubana -- Chimaera
          Chimaera jordani --
          Chimaera monstrosa -- Rabbit Fish
          Chimaera owstoni --
          Chimaera panthera --
          Chimaera phantasma -- Silver Chimaera

        Hydrolagus

          Hydrolagus affinis -- Smalleyed Rabbitfish
          Hydrolagus africanus -- African Chimaera
          Hydrolagus alberti --
          Hydrolagus barbouri --
          Hydrolagus colliei -- Spotted Ratfish -- [ mbay | Martin ]
          Hydrolagus deani -- Philippine Chimaera
          Hydrolagus eidolon --
          Hydrolagus lemures -- Blackfin Ghostshark
          Hydrolagus macrophthalmus --
          Hydrolagus mirabilis -- Large-eyed Rabbitfish
          Hydrolagus mitsukurii -- Spookfish
          Hydrolagus novaezealandiae -- Dark Ghostshark
          Hydrolagus ogilbyi --
          Hydrolagus pallidus --
          Hydrolagus purpurescens -- Purple Chimaera

        Rhinochimaeridae -- Longnose chimaeras -- [ FishBase ] -- 3 genera, 8 species

        Harriotta

          Harriotta haeckeli -- Smallspine Spookfish
          Harriotta raleighana -- Narrownose Chimaera

        Neoharriotta

          Neoharriotta carri --
          Neoharriotta pinnata -- Sicklefin Chimaera
          Neoharriotta pumila --

        Rhinochimaera

          Rhinochimaera africana --
          Rhinochimaera atlantica -- Spearnose Chimaera
          Rhinochimaera pacifica -- Pacific Spookfish



Protozoa  |  Metazoa  |  Invertebrates  |  Arthropods  |  Hemichordates  |  Chordates  |  Craniates
Vertebrates  |  Unicellular-organisms  |  Sponges  |  Corals  |  Echinoderms  |  Worms  |  Mollusks
Crustaceans  |  Arachnids  |  Insects  |  Fish  |  Amphibians  |  Reptiles  |  Birds  |  Mammals

Back to: Evolution   |   Zoology



Send suggestions, additions, corrections to Bob Patterson at BPatter789


sharks.htm 3/8/2001     Links verified 3/8/2001