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Golden-headed Lion Tamarin -- Leontopithecus chrysomelas
From Apenheul in Dutch From Smithsonian From Lincoln Park Zoo by Buffon ca. 1780

A variety of art forms are used to illustrate books and web pages. The Netherlands Apenheul (a primate zoo and conservation center) uses pen-and-ink drawings to supplement small photographs. Note the posture of the animal in Phil Coffey's photograph below. This is a method tamarins use to dissipate excess body temperature on hot days. Read more about George-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788), the great French zoologist whose painting, shown above, may be the earliest work of art on this website. The species chrysomelas was not described by Kuhl until 1820, so Buffon's painting can be said to be the first publication on this form of Leontopithecus.

by Phillip Coffey, JWPT by Denise McQuillen, APA


Golden Lion Tamarin -- Leontopithecus rosalia
by Tim Knight, Primate Gallery From Hogle Zoo From Hungarian Vadaspark

Popular at many zoos, breeding programs have permitted the repopulation of L. rosalia to preservation reserves in Brazil. Although the reintroduction programs have not been without teething problems, their ultimate success has led to many similar projects. The intensity of coat color is dependent upon diet, especially among captive animals.

by Alan Hill, APA by Phillip Coffey, JWPT


Golden-rumped Lion Tamarin -- Leontopithecus chrysopygus
© by Claudio Padua, WPTI by Phillip Coffey, JWPT by Gloria Jaffet, São Paulo Zoo

L. chrysopygus is also called (unfortunately, in my opinion) the Black Lion Tamarin. Illustrations showing the golden rump are difficult to find since this feature is not apparent in frontal photos taken at tree cavities. It comes to the ground in search of food more than do other Lion Tamarins. Claudio Padua runs a species management program in Brazil aimed at the preservation of these animals and their habitat (riparian forest with no epiphytes).


Black-Faced Lion Tamarin -- Leontopithecus caissara
San Diego Zoo Artist Unknown by Luis Claudio Marigo, JWPT

L. caisarra was not discovered and described until 1990. Illustrations of it are hard to find. Notice that the two photographs above are taken at the same tree cavity and are possibly of the same animal. Also note the difference in coloration between the inset thumbnail and the larger artwork at center, above. Reproduction of artwork by scanning to computer disk may alter colors or distort images.


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